Harvard Bioscience, Inc.
HARVARD BIOSCIENCE INC (Form: 10-K, Received: 03/16/2006 15:29:20)

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-K

x

Annual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2005

or

o

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from            to           

 

Commission File Number 000-31923


HARVARD BIOSCIENCE, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware

 

04-3306140

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Incorporation or organization)

 

Identification No.)

 

84 October Hill Road, Holliston, Massachusetts 01746

(Address of Principal Executive Offices, including zip code)

(508) 893-8999

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

(Title of Class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. YES  o    NO  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. YES  o    NO  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES  x    NO  o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K . x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer x

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. YES  o   NO  x

The aggregate market value of 19,727,090 shares of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2005 was approximately $61,943,063 based on the closing sales price of the registrant’s common stock on that date. Shares of the registrant’s common stock held by each officer and director and each person known to the registrant to own 10% or more of the outstanding voting power of the registrant have been excluded in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not a determination for other purposes.

At February 28, 2006, there were 30,493,140 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement in connection with the 2006 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 18, 2006 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.

 




HARVARD BIOSCIENCE, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
2005 ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2005

 

Item

 

 

 

 

 

PART I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Business

 

1

 

 

 

 

1A

 

 

Risk Factors

 

11

 

 

 

 

1B

 

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

22

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Properties

 

22

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

Legal Proceedings

 

22

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

22

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

23

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

Selected Financial Data

 

24

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

25

 

 

 

 

7A

 

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

37

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

38

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

38

 

 

 

 

9A

 

 

Controls and Procedures

 

38

 

 

 

 

9B

 

 

Other Information

 

40

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant

 

41

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

Executive Compensation

 

42

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

42

 

 

 

 

13

 

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

 

42

 

 

 

 

14

 

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

42

 

PART IV

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit Index

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                        




PART I

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains statements that are not statements of historical fact and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The forward-looking statements are principally, but not exclusively, contained in “Item 1: Business” and “Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about management’s confidence or expectations, our plans to divest the Capital Equipment Business segment, our business strategy, our ability to raise capital or borrow funds to consummate acquisitions and the availability of attractive acquisition candidates, our expectations regarding future costs of product revenues, our estimates regarding our capital requirements, our expenses of complying with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, our anticipated compliance with the covenants contained in our credit facility, the adequacy of our financial resources and our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions that are not historical facts. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could, “ “would,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “projects,” “predicts,” “intends,” “potential” and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and subject to risks and uncertainties. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We discuss many of these risks in detail under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” beginning on page 11 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. You should carefully review all of these factors, as well as other risks described in our public filings, and you should be aware that there may be other factors, including factors of which we are not currently aware, that could cause these differences. Also, these forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. We may not update these forward-looking statements, even though our situation may change in the future, unless we have obligations under the federal securities laws to update and disclose material developments related to previously disclosed information.

Item 1.                         Business.

Overview

Harvard Bioscience, a Delaware corporation, is a global developer, manufacturer and marketer of a broad range of specialized products, primarily apparatus and scientific instruments, used to improve life science research at pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, universities and government laboratories worldwide. We sell our products to thousands of researchers in over 100 countries through our direct sales force, our 1,100 page catalog (and various other specialty catalogs) and our website, and through distributors, including GE Healthcare (formerly known as Amersham Biosciences), Fisher Scientific and VWR. We have sales and manufacturing operations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and Austria with sales facilities in France and Canada.

Our History

Our business began in 1901 under the name Harvard Apparatus and has grown over the intervening years with the development and evolution of modern life science tools. Our early inventions include the mechanical syringe pump in the 1950s for drug infusion and the microprocessor controlled syringe pump in the 1980s.

In March 1996, a group of investors led by our CEO and President acquired a majority of the then existing business of our predecessor, Harvard Apparatus. Following this acquisition, we redirected the focus of the Company to participate in the higher growth areas, or bottlenecks, within life science research by acquiring and licensing innovative technologies while continuing to grow the existing business through internal product development and marketing, partnerships and acquisitions. Since March 1996, we have

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completed 17 business acquisitions related to our continuing operations and internally developed many new product lines including: new generation Harvard Apparatus syringe pumps, advanced Inspira ventilators, GeneQuant DNA/RNA/protein calculators, Ultrospec spectrophotometers, UVM plate readers and the BTX-MOS 96 well electroporation system.

In July 2005, we announced plans to divest our Capital Equipment Business segment. The decision to divest this business was based on the fact that market conditions for the Capital Equipment Business segment have been such that this business has not met our expectations and the decision to focus our resources on our Apparatus and Instrumentation Business segment. As a result, we began reporting our Capital Equipment Business segment as a discontinued operation in the third quarter of 2005. Accordingly, unless otherwise indicated, the discussion of our business is focused on our continuing operations, which constitute our apparatus and instrumentation business.

Our Strategy

Our goal is to become a leading provider of tools for life science research.

Our strategy is to have a broad range of highly specialized but relatively inexpensive products that have strong positions in niche markets in life science research:

·        We believe that having a broad product offering reduces the risk of being dependent on a single technology;

·        We believe that having relatively inexpensive products reduces the volatility associated with expensive capital equipment; and

·        We believe focusing on niche markets reduces head-to-head competition with the major instrument companies.

We seek to grow this range of products through internal development of new products and the acquisition of closely related products. We use acquisitions to expand our product offerings because we believe we can use our well-established brands and distribution channels to accelerate the growth of these acquired products. We also believe that our expertise in operational management frequently allows us to improve profitability at acquired companies.

Our Products

Today, our broad product range is generally targeted towards two major application areas: ADMET screening and molecular biology.

ADMET Screening

The goal of ADMET screening is to identify compounds that have toxic side effects or undesirable physiological or pharmacological properties. These pharmacological properties consist of absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination, which together with toxicology, form the acronym ADMET. We have a wide range of products that our customers use to help their researchers conduct better experiments on cells, tissues, organs and animals.

We primarily sell these products under the Harvard Apparatus, BTX, KD Scientific, Medical Systems, Clark Electromedical, NaviCyte, Hugo Sachs Elektronik and Warner Instruments brand names. The individual sales prices of these products are often under $5,000 but when combined into systems such as the Hugo Sachs isolated organ system the total sales price can be over $25,000. We typically sell our ADMET products through our catalogs and website with support from technical specialists, although BTX and KD Scientific branded products are primarily sold through distributors. Some of these products are described below:

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Absorption Diffusion Chambers

A diffusion chamber is a small plastic chamber with a membrane separating the two halves of the chamber used to measure the absorption of a drug into the bloodstream. The membrane can either be tissue such as intestinal tissue or a cultured layer of cells such as human colon cells. This creates a miniaturized model of intestinal absorption. We entered this market with our 1999 acquisition of the assets of NaviCyte Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Trega Biosciences (now Lion Bioscience) and today we make and sell a wide range of tissue handling products under the Warner Instruments brand name.

Distribution—96 Well Equilibrium Dialysis Plate for Serum Protein Binding Assays

Our 96 well equilibrium dialysis plate contains 96 pairs of chambers with each pair separated by a membrane. The protein target is placed on one side of the membrane and the drug on the other. The small molecule drug diffuses through the membrane. If it binds to the target, it cannot diffuse back again. If it does not bind, it will diffuse back and forth until equilibrium is established. Once equilibrium is established, the concentration of the drug can be measured thereby indicating the strength of the binding. This product is principally used for ADMET screening to determine if a drug binds to blood proteins. A certain level of reversible binding is advantageous in order to promote good distribution of a drug through the human body. However, if the binding is too strong, it may impair normal protein function and cause toxic effects. These products are part of our sample preparation product line which we began offering in 2000 after our acquisition of Amika.

Metabolism and Elimination—Organ Testing Systems

Organ testing systems use glass or plastic chambers together with stimulators and recording electrodes to study organ function. Organ testing systems enable either whole organs or strips of tissue from organs such as hearts, livers and lungs to be kept functioning outside the body while researchers perform experiments with them. This typically allows for multiple studies on a single donor animal. Studies on isolated livers are useful in determining metabolism and studies on kidneys are useful in determining elimination. We have sold basic versions of these systems for many years, but significantly expanded our product offerings through our 1999 acquisition of Hugo Sachs Elektronik.

Toxicology—Precision Infusion Pumps

Infusion pumps, typically syringe pumps, are used to accurately infuse very small quantities of liquid, commonly drugs. Infusion pumps are generally used for long-term toxicology testing of drugs by infusion into animals, usually laboratory rats. We sell a wide range of different types of syringe pumps and many other products for infusing samples into and collecting samples from tissues, organs and animals. We expanded our range of infusion pumps with the acquisition of KD Scientific in 2004.

Cell Injection Systems

Cell injection systems use extremely fine bore glass capillaries to penetrate and inject drugs into or around individual cells. Cell injection systems are used to study the effects of drugs on single cells. Injection is accomplished either with air pressure or, if the drug molecule is electrically charged, by applying an electric current. We entered this market with our 1998 acquisition of the research products of Medical Systems Corporation and considerably expanded our presence in this market with our acquisitions of Clark Electromedical Instruments in 1999 and Warner Instruments in 2001.

Ventilators

Ventilators use a piston driven air pump to inflate the lungs of an anesthetized animal. Ventilators are typically used in surgical procedures common in life science research and are part of our Harvard

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Apparatus product line. In the late 1990’s we launched our advanced Inspira ventilators, which have significant safety and ease of use features, such as default safety settings. We further expanded our ventilator product line with the MiniVent acquired as part of our acquisition of Hugo Sachs Elektronik in 1999 and expanded our presence in anesthesia with our acquisition of IMS in 2001.

Electroporation Products

Acquired with our purchase of the BTX division of Genetronics Biomedical Corporation in January 2003, our electroporation products include systems and generators, electrodes and accessories for research applications including in vivo, in ovo and in vitro gene delivery, electrocell fusion and nuclear transfer cloning. Through the application of precise pulsed electrical signals, electroporation systems open small “pores” in cell membranes allowing genes and/or drugs to pass through the cell membranes. The principal advantages of electroporation over other transfection techniques are speed, and the fact that electroporation does not require harsh chemicals that can interfere with or change cell function. In 2004, we launched our BTX MOS 96 well electroporation system, which can greatly increase the throughput of this otherwise essentially manual technique.

In addition to our proprietary manufactured products, we buy and resell, through our catalog, products that are made by other manufacturers. We have negotiated supply agreements with the majority of the companies that provide our distributed products. These supply agreements specify pricing only and contain no minimum purchase commitments. Each of these agreements represented less than one percent of our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2005. Distributed products accounted for approximately 10% of our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2005. These distributed products enable us to provide our customers with a single source for their experimental needs. These complementary products consist of a large variety of devices, instruments and consumable items used in experiments involving cells, tissues, organs and animals in the fields of proteomics, physiology, pharmacology, neuroscience, cell biology, molecular biology and toxicology. We believe that our proprietary manufactured products are often leaders in their fields; however, researchers often need complementary products in order to conduct particular experiments. Most of these complementary products come from small companies that do not have our extensive distribution and marketing capabilities to these researchers.

Molecular Biology

We primarily sell these products through our distributors, including GE Healthcare, under their brand names. These products are mainly scientific instruments such as spectrophotometers and plate readers that analyze light to detect and quantify a wide range of molecular and cellular processes or apparatus such as gel electrophoresis units. The instrumentation products are typically sold for a price ranging from $5,000 to $10,000. The apparatus products typically sell for less than $5,000.

Molecular Biology Spectrophotometers

A spectrophotometer is an instrument widely used in molecular biology and cell biology to quantify the amount of a compound in a sample by shining a beam of white light through a prism or grating to divide it into component wavelengths. Each wavelength in turn is shone through a liquid sample and the spectrophotometer measures the amount of light absorbed at each wavelength. This enables the quantification of the amount of a compound in a sample. We sell a wide range of spectrophotometers under the names UltroSpec, NovaSpec, Libra and Biowave. Our Biochrom subsidiary manufactures these products, and we primarily sell them through our distribution arrangement with GE Healthcare and other distributors.

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DNA/RNA/Protein Calculators

A DNA/RNA/protein calculator is a bench top instrument dedicated to quantifying the amount of DNA, RNA or protein in a sample. It uses a process similar to that of a molecular biology spectrophotometer. These are sold under the names GeneQuant and GeneQuant Pro. Launched in 1993, we believe that it was the first such instrument sold. Our Biochrom subsidiary manufactures these products, and we primarily sell them through GE Healthcare.

Multi-Well Plate Readers

Multi-well plate readers are widely used for high throughput screening assays in the drug discovery process. The most common format is 96 wells per plate. Plate readers use light to detect chemical interactions. We introduced a range of these products in 2001 beginning with absorbance readers and followed by luminescence readers. Our Asys Hitech subsidiary manufactures these products, and we primarily sell them through GE Healthcare and other distributors. We acquired Asys Hitech in December 2001 through our Biochrom subsidiary.

Amino Acid Analysis Systems

An amino acid analysis system uses chromatography to separate the amino acids in a sample and then uses a chemical reaction to detect each one in turn as they flow out of the chromatography column. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. In June 2000, we acquired substantially all of the amino acid analysis systems business of the Biotronik subsidiary of Eppendorf-Netheler-Hinz GmbH and integrated it with the existing amino acid analysis systems business in our Biochrom subsidiary. We sell these systems, which are more expensive than most of our products, through our Biochrom direct sales force and through distributors including GE Healthcare.

Low Volume, High-Throughput Liquid Dispensers

A liquid dispenser dispenses low volumes, typically microliters, of liquids into high density microtitre plates used in high throughput screening processes in life science research. Our unique technology enables dispensing to take place without the need for contact between the droplet and the liquid already present in the plate, thereby removing any risk of cross-contamination from the process. Our Asys Hitech subsidiary primarily markets these products, and we sell them under distributor brand names as well as our own name. We acquired Asys Hitech in December 2001 through our Biochrom subsidiary. Asys Hitech develops, manufactures and markets both these liquid dispensers and a line of OEM plate readers (see above for a description of plate readers).

Gel Electrophoresis Systems

Gel electrophoresis is a method for separating and purifying DNA, RNA and proteins. In gel electrophoresis, an electric current is run through a thin slab of gel and the DNA, RNA or protein molecules separate out based on their charge and size. The gel is contained in a plastic tank with an associated power supply. We entered this market with the acquisition of Scie-Plas in November 2001 and greatly expanded our range of gel electrophoresis products with our November 2003 acquisition of Hoefer. The majority of Hoefer revenues come from a distribution partnership with GE Healthcare but we have also added new distributors and are establishing a catalog/web distribution channel under the Hoefer name.

Our Customers

Our end-user customers are primarily research scientists at pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, universities and government laboratories, including the U.S. National Institutes of Health, or

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NIH. Our academic customers have included major colleges and universities such as Baylor College, Cambridge University, Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale University and the University of Texas—MD Anderson Center. Our pharmaceutical and biotechnological customers have included pharmaceutical companies and research laboratories such as Amgen, Inc., AstraZeneca plc, Genentech, Inc., Johnson & Johnson and the Max Planck Institute.

We conduct direct sales in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Canada. We also maintain distributors in other countries. Aggregate sales to our largest customer, GE Healthcare, a distributor with end-users similar to ours, accounted for approximately 23% of our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2005 compared to approximately 25% for the year ended December 31, 2004. We have several thousand customers worldwide and no other customer accounted for more than two percent of our revenues for such period.

Sales and Marketing

For the year ended December 31, 2005, revenues from direct sales to end-users through our Harvard Apparatus catalog represented approximately 33% of our revenues; revenues from direct sales to end-users through our direct sales force represented approximately 6% of our total revenues; and revenues from sales of our products through distributors represented approximately 61% of our revenues.

Direct Sales

We periodically produce and mail a Harvard Apparatus full line catalog, which contains approximately 11,000 products on 1,100 pages and is printed in varying quantities ranging from 50,000 to 100,000 copies. The catalog, which is accessible on our website, serves as the primary sales tool for the Harvard Apparatus product line, which includes both proprietary manufactured products and complementary products from various suppliers. Our leadership position in many of our manufactured products creates traffic to the catalog and website and enables cross-selling and facilitates the introduction of new products. In addition to the comprehensive catalog, we create and mail abridged catalogs that focus on specific product areas along with direct mailers and targeted e-mailers, which introduce or promote new products. We distribute the majority of our products ordered from our catalog, through our worldwide subsidiaries. In those regions where we do not have a subsidiary, or for products which we have acquired, that had distributors in place at the time of our acquisition as the distribution channel, we use distributors.

Distributors

In August 2001, we entered into a new agreement with GE Healthcare. Under the terms of the agreement, GE Healthcare serves as the exclusive distributor, marketer and seller of a majority of our spectrophotometer and DNA/RNA calculator product lines of our Biochrom subsidiary. This agreement has a five year finite life, expiring in August 2006, and is currently under renegotiation.

In November 2003, in connection with the acquisition of Hoefer from GE Healthcare, we entered into a separate distribution agreement with GE Healthcare for the distribution of the Hoefer products. This contract has a five year term with an automatic five-year renewal period, provides for minimum purchases for the first three years, allows us to use the Hoefer name (which we acquired in the transaction) on direct sales by us to end users or through other distributors, and may be terminated after five years with a one year advance notice. Additionally, upon breach of certain terms of the agreement, such as pricing, exclusivity and delivery, by either party, the agreement may be terminated with a 30 day notice period.

In addition to engaging GE Healthcare as the primary distributor for our Biochrom and Hoefer products, we also engage distributors for the sales of Harvard Apparatus, BTX, KD Scientific, Asys Hitech and SciePlas branded products in certain areas of the world and for certain product lines. In those regions

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where we do not have a subsidiary, and for products, which we have acquired that had distributors in place as the distribution channel at the time of our acquisition, we use distributors.

Backlog

Our order backlog was approximately $3.3 million as of December 31, 2005 and $2.6 million as of December 31, 2004. We include in backlog only those orders for which we have received valid purchase orders. Purchase orders may be cancelled at any time prior to shipment. Our backlog as of any particular date may not be representative of actual sales for any succeeding period. We typically ship our backlog at any given time within 90 days.

Research and Development

Our principal research and development mission is to develop products which address bottlenecks within the life science research process, particularly for application in the areas of ADMET screening and  molecular biology.

Our research and development expenditures were approximately $3.0 million in 2005 and 2004 and $2.0 million in 2003. We anticipate that we will continue to make significant development expenditures, as we deem appropriate given the circumstances at such time. We plan to continue to pursue a balanced development portfolio strategy of originating new products from internal research and development programs and acquiring products through business and technology acquisitions.

We maintain development staff in most of our manufacturing facilities to design and develop new products and to re-engineer existing products to bring them to the next generation level. In-house development is focused on our current technologies. For major new technologies, our strategy has been to partner with universities, government labs or pharmaceutical companies to develop technology into commercially viable products.

Manufacturing

We manufacture and test the majority of our products in our principal manufacturing facilities located in the United States, the United Kingdom, Austria and Germany. We have considerable manufacturing flexibility at our various facilities, and each facility can manufacture multiple products at the same time. We maintain in-house key manufacturing know-how, technologies and resources. We seek to maintain multiple suppliers for key components that are not manufactured in-house, and while some of our products are dependent on sole-source suppliers, we do not believe our dependence upon these suppliers creates any significant risks.

Our manufacturing operations are primarily to assemble and test. Our manufacturing of syringe pumps, ventilators, cell injectors, miniaturized sample preparation products and electroporation products takes place in Holliston, Massachusetts. The manufacture of our cell biology and electrophysiology products takes place in both our Holliston, Massachusetts facility and our Hamden, Connecticut facility. Our manufacturing of spectrophotometers and amino acid analysis systems takes place in our Cambridge, England facility. Our manufacturing of surgery and anesthesia related products and physiology-teaching products takes place in Edenbridge, England. Our manufacturing of complete organ testing systems takes place in March-Hugstetten, Germany. Our electrophoresis products are manufactured at our Warwickshire, England facility and our San Francisco, California facility. Our low-volume, high-throughput liquid dispensers and our plate readers are manufactured in our facility in Eugendorf, Austria.

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Competition

The markets into which we sell our products are highly competitive, and we expect the intensity of competition to continue or increase. We compete with many companies engaged in developing and selling tools for life science research. Many of our competitors have greater financial, operational, sales and marketing resources, and more experience in research and development and commercialization than we have. Moreover, our competitors may have greater name recognition than we do, and many offer discounts as a competitive tactic. These competitors and other companies may have developed or could in the future develop new technologies that compete with our products, which could render our products obsolete. We cannot assure you that we will be able to make the enhancements to our technologies necessary to compete successfully with newly emerging technologies. We are not aware of any significant products sold by us, which are currently obsolete.

We believe that we offer one of the broadest selections of products to companies engaged in life science research. We are not aware of any competitor that offers a product line of comparable breadth across our target markets. We have numerous competitors on a product line basis. We believe that we compete favorably with our competitors on the basis of product performance, including quality, reliability and speed, technical support, price and delivery time.

We compete with several companies that provide instruments for ADMET screening and molecular biology. In the ADMET screening area, we compete with, among others, Razel Scientific Instruments, Inc., Kent Scientific Corporation, General Valve Corp., Eppendorf-Netheler-Hinz GmbH, Ugo Basile and Becton, Dickinson and Company. In the molecular biology products, we compete with, among others, Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc., PerkinElmer, Inc., Invitrogen Corporation, Beckman Coulter, Inc., Thermo Electron Corporation, Eppendorf and Molecular Devices Corporation.

Intellectual Property

To establish and protect our proprietary technologies and products, we rely on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade-secret laws, as well as confidentiality provisions in our contracts. Patents or patent applications cover many of our new technologies. Most of our more mature product lines are protected by trade names and trade secrets only.

We have implemented a patent strategy designed to provide us with freedom to operate and facilitate commercialization of our current and future products. In our continuing operations, we have 19 issued U.S. patents and 7 pending applications. In our discontinued operations, we have 25 issued U.S. patents and 35 pending applications.

Generally, U.S. patents have a term of 17 years from the date of issue for patents issued from applications filed with the U.S. Patent Office prior to June 8, 1995, and 20 years from the application filing date or earlier claimed priority date in the case of patents issued from applications filed on or after June 8, 1995. Our issued US patents will expire between 2011 and 2020. Our success depends to a significant degree upon our ability to develop proprietary products and technologies. We intend to continue to file patent applications as we develop new products and technologies.

Patents provide some degree of protection for our intellectual property. However, the assertion of patent protection involves complex legal and factual determinations and is therefore uncertain. The scope of any of our issued patents may not be sufficiently broad to offer meaningful protection. In addition, our issued patents or patents licensed to us may be successfully challenged, invalidated, circumvented or unenforceable so that our patent rights would not create an effective competitive barrier. Moreover, the laws of some foreign countries may protect our proprietary rights to a greater or lesser extent, as do the laws of the United States. In addition, the laws governing patentability and the scope of patent coverage continue to evolve, particularly in areas of interest to us. As a result, there can be no assurance that patents

8




will issue from any of our patent applications or from applications licensed to us. In view of these factors, our intellectual property positions bear some degree of uncertainty.

We also rely in part on trade-secret protection of our intellectual property. We attempt to protect our trade secrets by entering into confidentiality agreements with third parties, employees and consultants. Our employees and consultants also sign agreements requiring that they assign to us their interests in patents and copyrights arising from their work for us. Although many of our U.S. employees have signed agreements not to compete unfairly with us during their employment and after termination of their employment, through the misuse of confidential information, soliciting employees, soliciting customers and the like, the enforceability of these provisions varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and, in some circumstances, they may not be enforceable. In addition, it is possible that these agreements may be breached or invalidated and if so, there may not be an adequate corrective remedy available. Despite the measures we have taken to protect our intellectual property, we cannot assure you that third parties will not independently discover or invent competing technologies, or reverse engineer our trade secrets or other technologies. Therefore, the measures we are taking to protect our proprietary rights may not be adequate.

We do not believe that our products infringe on the intellectual property rights of any third party. We cannot assure you, however, that third parties will not claim such infringement by us or our licensors with respect to current or future products. We expect that product developers in our market will increasingly be subject to such claims as the number of products and competitors in our market segment grows and the product functionality in different market segments overlaps. In addition, patents on production and business methods are becoming more common and we expect that more patents will be issued in our technical field. Any such claims, with or without merit, could be time-consuming, result in costly litigation and diversion of management’s attention and resources, cause product shipment delays or require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements. Moreover, such royalty or licensing agreements, if required, may not be on terms acceptable to us, or at all, which could seriously harm our business or financial condition.

“Harvard” is a registered trademark of Harvard University. The marks “Harvard Apparatus” and “Harvard Bioscience” are being used pursuant to a license agreement entered into in December 2002 between Harvard University and Harvard Bioscience, Inc.

Government Regulation

We are not subject to direct governmental regulation other than the laws and regulations generally applicable to businesses in the domestic and foreign jurisdictions in which we operate. In particular, our products are not subject to pre-market approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration for use on human clinical patients. In addition, we believe we are in compliance with all relevant environmental laws.

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Employees

As of December 31, 2005, we employed 269 employees, of which 245 are full-time and 24 are part-time, in our continuing operations and 112 employees, of whom 107 are full-time and 5 are part-time, in our discontinued operations. Geographical residence information for these employees is summarized in the table below:

 

 

Continuing

 

Discontinued

 

 

 

 

 

Operations

 

Operations

 

Total

 

United States

 

 

125

 

 

 

53

 

 

 

178

 

 

United Kingdom

 

 

108

 

 

 

50

 

 

 

158

 

 

Austria

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

 

Germany

 

 

14

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

16

 

 

Belgium

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

7

 

 

Canada

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

France

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

Total

 

 

269

 

 

 

112

 

 

 

381

 

 

 

We believe that our relationship with our employees is good. None of our employees is subject to any collective bargaining agreement.

Discontinued Operations

In July 2005, we announced plans to divest our Capital Equipment Business segment. The Capital Equipment Business segment contains our Genomic Solutions, Union Biometrica, and MAIA Scientific subsidiaries. The decision to divest this business was based on the fact that market conditions for the Capital Equipment Business segment have been such that this business has not met our expectations and the decision to focus our resources on our Apparatus and Instrumentation Business segment. As a result, we began reporting our Capital Equipment Business segment as a discontinued operation in the third quarter of 2005.

Generally, the products sold by the Capital Equipment Business segment are large scientific instruments that rapidly process and analyze samples of DNA, RNA or proteins or that that use fluid flow and lasers and night-vision cameras to analyze small model organisms. These systems are typically sold for over $25,000 each and are primarily sold by our field sales force and by distributors in select countries. Our direct sales force is complemented in the field by our technical support and field service organizations, and together they effectively sell and service our capital equipment product lines.

Geographic Area

Financial information regarding geographic areas in which we operate is provided in Note 16 of the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements,” which are included elsewhere in this report.

Website

Our website is www.harvardbioscience.com. Our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and exhibits and amendments to those reports filed or furnished with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act are available for review on our website. Any such materials that we file with, or furnish to, the Securities and Exchange Commission in the future will be available on our website as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. The information on our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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Item 1A.                 Risk Factors.

Our operating results may vary significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year depending on a number of factors, including:

If we are unable to complete the divestiture of our Capital Equipment Business segment on attractive terms, our ability to implement our business strategy and our financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

In July 2005, we announced our decision to divest our Capital Equipment Business segment. We have decided to divest this business segment based on the fact that market conditions for our Capital Equipment Business segment have been such that this business has not met our expectations, and because we have made a decision to focus resources on our Apparatus and Instrumentation business. We cannot assure you that we will be able to complete the divestiture of our Capital Equipment Business segment on favorable terms, or at all. If we are unable to divest our Capital Equipment Business for more than current carrying value, we will record a loss in connection with the sale that could be significant. If we are unable to sell our Capital Equipment Business at all, we will be required to alter our current business strategy to determine how to proceed with this business segment. As a result, we may be required to engage in further restructuring activities or cease operating some or all of this business segment and liquidate its assets. In either case, we may incur additional expenses and additional asset impairments and management’s attention may be diverted from our current business strategy. Additionally, under the current terms of our existing credit facility, we will be required to obtain consent from our lenders upon the sale of our Capital Equipment Business segment. If we are unable to obtain this consent, sale of the Capital Equipment Business segment will trigger a default under the credit facility whereby our lenders could accelerate all of our outstanding indebtedness and terminate our credit facility. As of December 31, 2005, we had $8.5 million outstanding under our credit facility. As a result of any of these events, our ability to implement our business strategy and our financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

By completing the divestiture of the Capital Equipment Business, we will be losing a substantial source of our revenues.

Our Capital Equipment Business segment represented 25%, 30% and 40% of total revenues from continuing operations and discontinued operations in 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. By divesting our Capital Equipment Business segment, we will no longer have the assets that generated these revenues and, unless we are able to increase our revenues through organic growth or acquisitions, our revenues following the disposition will be lower than they have been for these historical periods.

Our decision to divest of our Capital Equipment Business may cause potential customers to be less likely to commit to purchases of capital equipment from this business segment, which may materially adversely affect revenues generated from, and value that we may receive upon the sale of, our Capital Equipment Business segment.

Our Capital Equipment Business segment relies on sales of capital products that are typically priced over $25,000 and supported, following their sale, by customer support, technical support and field application service support personnel. As a result of the uncertain future of our Capital Equipment Business segment, potential customers may be less likely to commit to purchases of expensive capital equipment from this business segment. Accordingly, the revenues generated from, and value that we may receive upon the divestiture of, our Capital Equipment Business segment may be materially adversely affected. In addition, we may lose key employees of the Capital Equipment Business segment that may in turn adversely affect the revenues and operating results of the division and may reduce the value we receive upon the divestiture of the Business segment.

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The divestiture of our Capital Equipment Business segment may disrupt our business or result in costs that could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

The divestiture of our Capital Equipment Business may disrupt our apparatus and instrumentation business and divert management’s attention away from our continuing operations. We will also incur expenses in connection with our attempted divestiture of this business segment, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations. This divestiture will require management to utilize estimates related to realizable values of assets made redundant or obsolete and expenses for severances, lease cancellations and other exit costs. Actual results could differ materially from those estimated due to, among other things: inability to sell the businesses at prices, or within time periods, anticipated by management; unanticipated expenditures in connection with the effectuation of the disposition; costs and length of time required to comply with legal requirements applicable to the disposition; and unanticipated difficulties in connection with consolidation of manufacturing and administrative functions.

Our quarterly revenues will likely be affected by various factors, including the timing of equipment purchases by customers and the seasonal nature of purchasing in Europe.

Our quarterly revenues will likely be affected by various factors, including the volatile and seasonal nature of purchasing in Europe. Our revenues may vary from quarter to quarter due to a number of factors, including the timing of catalog mailings and new product introductions, the release of grant and budget funding, future acquisitions and our substantial sales to European customers, who in summer months often defer purchases. In particular, delays or reduction in purchase orders from the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries could have a material adverse effect on us and could adversely affect our stock price.

If we engage in any acquisition, we will incur a variety of costs, and may never realize the anticipated benefits of the acquisition.

Our business strategy includes the future acquisition of businesses, technologies, services or products that we believe are a strategic fit with our business. If we undertake any acquisition, the process of integrating an acquired business, technology, service or product may result in unforeseen operating difficulties and expenditures and may absorb significant management attention that would otherwise be available for ongoing development of our business. Moreover, we may fail to realize the anticipated benefits of any acquisition as rapidly as expected or at all. Future acquisitions could reduce stockholders’ ownership, cause us to incur debt, expose us to future liabilities and result in amortization expenses related to intangible assets with definite lives.

Uncertain economic trends may adversely impact our business.

We have experienced, and may experience in the future, reduced demand for our products as a result of the uncertainty in the general economic environment in which our customers and we operate. We cannot project the extent of the impact of the economic environment specific to our industry. If economic conditions worsen or if an economic slowdown occurs, we may experience a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

We may not realize the expected benefits from  acquisitions  due to difficulties integrating the businesses, operations and product lines.

Our ability to achieve the benefits of acquisitions depends in part on the integration and leveraging of technology, operations, sales and marketing channels and personnel. The integration process is a complex,

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time-consuming and expensive process and may disrupt our business if not completed in a timely and efficient manner.

We may have difficulty successfully integrating the acquired businesses, the domestic and foreign operations or the product lines, and as a result, we may not realize any of the anticipated benefits of the acquisitions. Additionally, we cannot assure that our growth rate will equal the growth rates that have been experienced by us and the acquired companies, respectively, operating as separate companies in the past.

As an acquisitive company, we may be the subject of lawsuits from either an acquired company’s previous stockholders or our current stockholders.

As an acquisitive company, we may be the subject of lawsuits from either an acquired company’s previous stockholders or our current stockholders. These lawsuits could result from the actions of the acquisition target prior to the date of the acquisition, from the acquisition transaction itself or from actions after the acquisition. Defending potential lawsuits could cost us significant expense and detract management’s attention from the operation of the business. Additionally, these lawsuits could result in the cancellation of or the inability to renew, certain insurance coverage that would be necessary to protect our assets.

Accounting for goodwill and other intangible assets may have a material adverse effect on us.

In accordance with the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, we assess the recoverability of identifiable intangibles with finite lives and other long-lived assets, such as property, plant and equipment, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. In accordance with SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives from acquisitions are evaluated annually, or more frequently, if events or circumstances indicate there may be an impairment, to determine whether any portion of the remaining balance of goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles may not be recoverable. If it is determined in the future that a portion of our goodwill and other intangible assets is impaired, we will be required to write off that portion of the asset according to the methods defined by SFAS No. 144 and SFAS No. 142, which could have an adverse effect on net income for the period in which the write off occurs. During 2005, the Company recorded abandonment, impairment and write-down charges of approximately $28.7 million on goodwill and other intangible assets, which are classified under the caption “Discontinued Operations, net of tax”. In addition, if any time prior to the sale of our Capital Equipment Business segment we determine that the fair value less cost to sell is below the current carrying value we will record additional impairment losses that could be significant. At December 31, 2005, our continuing operations had goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives of $21.1 million, or 24%, of our total assets from continuing operations.

Future changes in financial accounting standards may adversely affect our reported results of operations.

A change in accounting standards can have a significant effect on our reported results. New accounting pronouncements and varying interpretations of accounting pronouncements have occurred and may occur in the future. These new accounting pronouncements may adversely affect our reported financial results.

For example, under SFAS No. 123R, Share-Based Payments, a revision of SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, we will be required to account for our stock-based awards as a compensation expense and our net income and net income per share could be significantly reduced. Currently, we record compensation expense only in connection with option grants that have an exercise price below fair market value. For option grants that have an exercise price at fair market value, we calculate compensation

13




expense and disclose their impact on net income (loss) and net income (loss) per share, as well as the impact of all stock-based compensation expense in a footnote to the consolidated financial statements. SFAS No. 123R requires us to adopt the new accounting provisions beginning in our first quarter of 2006, and will require us to expense stock- based awards, including shares issued under our employee stock purchase plan, stock options, restricted stock and stock appreciation rights, as compensation cost.

If our accounting estimates are not correct, our financial results could be adversely affected.

Management judgment and estimates are necessarily required in the application of our Critical Accounting Policies. We discuss these estimates in the subsection entitled Critical Accounting Policies beginning on page 32. If our estimates are incorrect, our future financial operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.

Our business is subject to economic, political and other risks associated with international revenues and operations.

Since we manufacture and sell our products worldwide, our business is subject to risks associated with doing business internationally. Our revenues from our non-U.S. operations represented approximately 51%, of total revenues for 2005. We anticipate that revenue from international operations will continue to represent a substantial portion of total revenues. In addition, a number of our manufacturing facilities and suppliers are located outside the United States. Accordingly, our future results could be harmed by a variety of factors, including:

·        changes in foreign currency exchange rates, which resulted in a foreign currency loss of approximately $55,000 for the year ended December 31, 2005 and a decrease in foreign equity of approximately $4.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2005,

·        changes in a specific country or region’s political or economic conditions, including Western Europe, in particular,

·        potentially negative consequences from changes in tax laws affecting the ability to expatriate profits,

·        difficulty in staffing and managing widespread operations, and

·        unfavorable labor regulations applicable to European operations, such as severance and the unenforceability of non-competition agreements in the European Union.

We may lose money when we exchange foreign currency received from international revenues into U.S. dollars.

Approximately 47% of our business from continuing operations during 2005 was conducted in functional currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which is our reporting currency. As a result, currency fluctuations among the U.S. dollar and the currencies in which we do business have caused and will continue to cause foreign currency transaction gains and losses. Currently, we attempt to manage foreign currency risk through the matching of assets and liabilities. In the future, we may undertake to manage foreign currency risk through additional hedging methods. We recognize foreign currency gains or losses arising from our operations in the period incurred. We cannot guarantee that we will be successful in managing foreign currency risk or in predicting the effects of exchange rate fluctuations upon our future operating results because of the number of currencies involved, the variability of currency exposure and the potential volatility of currency exchange rates.

14




Additional costs for complying with recent changes in Securities and Exchange Commission, NASDAQ Stock Market and accounting rules could adversely affect our profits.

Recent changes in the Securities and Exchange Commission and NASDAQ rules including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as well as changes in accounting rules, will cause us to incur significant additional costs including professional fees, as well as additional personnel costs, in order to keep informed of the changes and attempt to operate in a compliant manner. These additional costs, which were approximately $1.5 million and $1.3 million during 2005 and 2004, respectively, may be significant enough to cause our growth targets to be reduced, and consequently, our financial position and results of operations may be negatively impacted.

If we are  not  able to manage our growth, our operating profits or losses may be adversely impacted.

Our success will depend on the expansion of our operations through both organic growth and acquisitions. Effective growth management will place increased demands on management, operational and financial resources and expertise. To manage growth, we must expand our facilities, augment our operational, financial and management systems, and hire and train additional qualified personnel. Failure to manage this growth effectively could impair our ability to generate revenue or could cause our expenses to increase more rapidly than revenue, resulting in operating losses or reduced profitability.

If we fail to retain key personnel and hire, train and retain qualified employees, we may not be able to compete effectively, which could result in reduced revenue or increased costs.

Our success is highly dependent on the continued services of key management, technical and scientific personnel. Our management and other employees may voluntarily terminate their employment at any time upon short notice. The loss of the services of any member of the senior management team, including the Chief Executive Officer, Chane Graziano, the President, David Green, the Chief Operating Officer, Susan Luscinski, the Chief Financial Officer, Bryce Chicoyne or any of the managerial, technical or scientific staff may significantly delay or prevent the achievement of product development and other business objectives. We maintain key person life insurance on Messrs. Graziano and Green. Our future success will also depend on our ability to identify, recruit and retain additional qualified scientific, technical and managerial personnel. Competition for qualified personnel in the technology area is intense, and we operate in several geographic locations where labor markets are particularly competitive, including Boston, Massachusetts and London and Cambridge, England, and where demand for personnel with these skills is extremely high and is likely to remain high. As a result, competition for qualified personnel is intense, particularly in the areas of general management, finance, information technology, engineering and science, and the process of hiring suitably qualified personnel is often lengthy and expensive, and may become more expensive in the future. If we are unable to hire and retain a sufficient number of qualified employees, our ability to conduct and expand our business could be seriously reduced.

Our competitors and potential competitors may develop products and technologies that are more effective or commercially attractive than our products.

We expect to encounter increased competition from both established and development-stage companies that continually enter the market. We anticipate that these competitors will include:

·        companies developing and marketing life sciences research tools,

·        health care companies that manufacture laboratory-based tests and analyzers,

·        diagnostic and pharmaceutical companies,

·        analytical instrument companies, and

·        companies developing life science or drug discovery technologies.

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Currently, our principal competition comes from established companies that provide products that perform many of the same functions for which we market our products. Our competitors may develop or market products that are more effective or commercially attractive than our current or future products. Many of our competitors have substantially greater financial, operational, marketing and technical resources than we do. Moreover, these competitors may offer broader product lines and tactical discounts, and may have greater name recognition. In addition, we may face competition from new entrants into the field. We may not have the financial resources, technical expertise or marketing, distribution or support capabilities to compete successfully in the future.

Our products compete in markets that are subject to rapid technological change, and therefore one or more of our products could be made obsolete by new technologies.

Because the market for life science tools is characterized by rapid technological change and frequent new product introductions, our product lines may be made obsolete unless we are able to continually improve existing products and develop new products. To meet the evolving needs of its customers, we must continually enhance our current and planned products and develop and introduce new products. However, we may experience difficulties that may delay or prevent the successful development, introduction and marketing of new products or product enhancements. In addition, our product lines are based on complex technologies that are subject to rapid change as new technologies are developed and introduced in the marketplace. We may have difficulty in keeping abreast of the rapid changes affecting each of the different markets we serve or intend to serve. Our failure to develop and introduce products in a timely manner in response to changing technology, market demands or the requirements of our customers could cause our product sales to decline, and we could experience significant losses.

We offer and plan to offer a broad product line and have incurred and expect to continue to incur substantial expenses for development of new products and enhanced versions of our existing products. The speed of technological change in our market may prevent us from being able to successfully market some or all of our products for the length of time required to recover development costs. Failure to recover the development costs of one or more products or product lines could decrease our profitability or cause us to experience significant losses.

We entered into a $20 million credit facility in November 2003, which contains certain financial and negative covenants the breach of which may adversely affect our financial condition.

During 2003, we entered into a $20 million credit facility with Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., under which we had drawn down $8.5 million as of December 31, 2005. The credit facility contains various financial and other covenants, including covenants relating to income, debt coverage and cash flow and minimum working capital requirements. If we are not in compliance with certain of these covenants, in addition to other actions the creditor may require, the amounts drawn on the $20 million facility may become immediately due and payable. This immediate payment may negatively impact our financial condition and we may be forced by our creditor into actions, which may not be in our best interests.

Failure to raise additional capital or generate the significant capital necessary to implement our acquisition strategy, expand our operations and invest in new products could reduce our ability to compete and result in lower revenue.

We anticipate that our financial resources, which include available cash, cash generated from operations, and debt and equity capacity, will be sufficient to finance operations and capital expenditures for at least twelve months. However, this expectation is premised on the current operating plan, which may change as a result of many factors, including market acceptance of new products and future opportunities with collaborators. Consequently, we may need additional funding sooner than anticipated. Our inability to raise capital could seriously harm our business and product development and acquisition efforts.

16




If we raise additional funds through the sale of equity or convertible debt or equity-linked securities, existing percentages of ownership in our common stock will be reduced. In addition, these transactions may dilute the value of our outstanding common stock. We may issue securities that have rights, preferences and privileges senior to our common stock. If we raise additional funds through collaborations or licensing arrangements, we may relinquish rights to certain of our technologies or products, or grant licenses to third parties on terms that are unfavorable. We may be unable to raise additional funds on acceptable terms or at all. In addition, our credit facility with Brown Brothers Harriman contains limitations on our ability to incur additional indebtedness and requires creditor approval for acquisitions funded with cash in excess of $6 million and acquisitions funded with equity in excess of $10 million. If future financing is not available or is not available on acceptable terms, we may have to curtail operations or change our business strategy.

If we are unable to effectively protect our intellectual property, third parties may use our technology, which would impair our ability to compete in our markets.

Our continued success will depend in significant part on our ability to obtain and maintain meaningful patent protection for certain of our products throughout the world. Patent law relating to the scope of claims in the technology fields in which we operate is still evolving. The degree of future protection for our proprietary rights is uncertain. In our continuing operations, we have 19 issued U.S. patents and 7 pending applications. In our discontinued operations, we have 25 issued U.S. patents and 35 pending applications. We also own numerous U.S. registered trademarks and trade names and have applications for the registration of trademarks and trade names pending. We rely on patents to protect a significant part of our intellectual property and to enhance our competitive position. However, our presently pending or future patent applications may not issue as patents, and any patent previously issued to us may be challenged, invalidated, held unenforceable or circumvented. Furthermore, the claims in patents which have been issued or which may be issued to us in the future may not be sufficiently broad to prevent third parties from producing competing products similar to our products. In addition, the laws of various foreign countries in which we compete may not protect our intellectual property to the same extent, as do the laws of the United States. If we fail to obtain adequate patent protection for our proprietary technology, our ability to be commercially competitive will be materially impaired.

In addition to patent protection, we also rely on protection of trade secrets, know-how and confidential and proprietary information. To maintain the confidentiality of trade-secrets and proprietary information, we generally seek to enter into confidentiality agreements with our employees, consultants and strategic partners upon the commencement of a relationship. However, we may not obtain these agreements in all circumstances. In the event of unauthorized use or disclosure of this information, these agreements, even if obtained, may not provide meaningful protection for our trade-secrets or other confidential information. In addition, adequate remedies may not exist in the event of unauthorized use or disclosure of this information. The loss or exposure of our trade secrets and other proprietary information would impair our competitive advantages and could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition and future growth prospects.

We may be involved in lawsuits to protect or enforce our patents that would be expensive and time-consuming.

In order to protect or enforce our patent rights, we may initiate patent litigation against third parties. We may also become subject to interference proceedings conducted in the patent and trademark offices of various countries to determine the priority of inventions. Several of our products are based on patents that are closely surrounded by patents held by competitors or potential competitors. As a result, we believe there is a greater likelihood of a patent dispute than would be expected if our patents were not closely surrounded by other patents. The defense and prosecution, if necessary, of intellectual property suits, interference proceedings and related legal and administrative proceedings would be costly and divert our

17




technical and management personnel from their normal responsibilities. We may not prevail in any of these suits. An adverse determination of any litigation or defense proceedings could put our patents at risk of being invalidated or interpreted narrowly and could put our patent applications at risk of not issuing.

Furthermore, because of the substantial amount of discovery required in connection with intellectual property litigation, there is a risk that some of our confidential information could be compromised by disclosure during this type of litigation. For example, during the course of this kind of litigation, there could be public announcements of the results of hearings, motions or other interim proceedings or developments in the litigation. Securities analysts or investors may perceive these announcements to be negative, which could cause the market price of our stock to decline.

Our success will depend partly on our ability to operate without infringing on or misappropriating the intellectual property rights of others.

We may be sued for infringing on the intellectual property rights of others, including the patent rights, trademarks and trade names of third parties. Intellectual property litigation is costly and the outcome is uncertain. If we do not prevail in any intellectual property litigation, in addition to any damages we might have to pay, we could be required to stop the infringing activity, or obtain a license to or design around the intellectual property in question. If we are unable to obtain a required license on acceptable terms, or are unable to design around any third party patent, we may be unable to sell some of our products and services, which could result in reduced revenue.

We are dependent upon our licensed technologies and may need to obtain additional licenses in the future to offer our products and remain competitive.

We have licensed key components of our technologies from third parties. While we do not currently derive a material portion of our revenue from products that depend on these licensed technologies, we may in the future. If our license agreements were to terminate prematurely or if we breach the terms of any licenses or otherwise fail to maintain our rights to these technologies, we may lose the right to manufacture or sell our products that use these licensed technologies. In addition, we may need to obtain licenses to additional technologies in the future in order to keep our products competitive. If we fail to license or otherwise acquire necessary technologies, we may not be able to develop new products that we need to remain competitive.

Many of our current and potential customers are from the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries and are subject to risks faced by those industries.

We derive a substantial portion of our revenues from pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. We expect that pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies will continue to be one of our major sources of revenues for the foreseeable future. As a result, we are subject to risks and uncertainties that affect the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, such as pricing pressures as third-party payers continue challenging the pricing of medical products and services, government regulation, ongoing consolidation and uncertainty of technological change, and to reductions and delays in research and development expenditures by companies in these industries.

In particular, the biotechnology industry has been faced with declining market capitalization and a difficult capital-raising and financing environment. If biotechnology companies are unable to obtain the financing necessary to purchase our products, our business and results of operations could be materially adversely affected. As it relates to both the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries, many companies have significant patents that have expired or are about to expire, which could result in reduced revenues for those companies. If pharmaceutical companies suffer reduced revenues as a result of these patent

18




expirations, they may be unable to purchase our products, and our business and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

In addition, we are dependent, both directly and indirectly, upon general health care spending patterns, particularly in the research and development budgets of the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, as well as upon the financial condition and purchasing patterns of various governments and government agencies. Many of our customers, including universities, government research laboratories, private foundations and other institutions, obtain funding for the purchase of products from grants by governments or government agencies. There exists the risk of a potential decrease in the level of governmental spending allocated to scientific and medical research, which could substantially reduce or even eliminate these grants. If government funding necessary to purchase our products were to decrease, our business and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

If GE Healthcare (formerly Amersham Biosciences) terminates its distribution agreements with us, fails to renew them on favorable terms or fails to perform its obligations under the distribution agreements, it could impair the marketing and distribution efforts for some of our products and result in lost revenues.

During 2004, General Electric Company acquired Amersham plc, the parent of Amersham Biosciences. In connection with the acquisition, Amersham Biosciences was renamed GE Healthcare. While GE Healthcare has indicated its intention to continue Amersham’s presence in the life science market, and we believe our relationship with GE Healthcare is good, we cannot guarantee that the distribution agreements will be renewed, that GE Healthcare will aggressively market our products in the future or that GE Healthcare will continue the partnership. If any of these events occurs, our marketing and distribution efforts for some of our products may be impaired and our revenues may be adversely impacted.

For 2005, approximately 23% of our revenues were generated through two distribution agreements with GE. In August 2001, we entered into an agreement with GE Healthcare. This agreement has a five year finite life, expiring in August 2006, and is currently under renegotiation. Under this agreement, GE Healthcare acts as the primary marketing and distribution channel for the majority of the products of our Biochrom subsidiary and, as a result, we are restricted from allowing another person or entity to distribute, market and sell the majority of the products of our Biochrom subsidiary into the life sciences market. We are also restricted from making or promoting sales of the majority of the products of our Biochrom subsidiary to any person or entity other than GE Healthcare or its authorized sub-distributors. We have little or no control over GE Healthcare’s marketing and sales activities or the use of its resources. GE Healthcare may fail to purchase sufficient quantities of products from us or perform appropriate marketing and sales activities. The failure by GE Healthcare to perform these activities could materially adversely affect our business and growth prospects during the term of this agreement. In addition, our inability to maintain our arrangement with GE Healthcare for product distribution could materially impede the growth of our business and our ability to generate sufficient revenue. Our agreement with GE Healthcare may be terminated with 30 days notice under certain circumstances. This agreement had an initial term of three years, commencing August 1, 2001, after which it automatically renewed for an additional two years, unless terminated earlier by either party. In addition, the agreement may be terminated in accordance with its terms by either party upon 18 months prior written notice. We are currently renegotiating this agreement.

The second distribution agreement, between Hoefer, Inc., our subsidiary, and GE Healthcare was entered into in November 2003 in connection with our acquisition of certain assets of the Hoefer 1-D gel electrophoresis business, including the Hoefer name, from Amersham Bioscience. The agreement provides that Hoefer will be the exclusive supplier of 1-D gel electrophoresis products to GE Healthcare. Hoefer also has the right to develop, manufacture and market 2-D gel electrophoresis products, which would be offered to GE Healthcare for sale under the GE Healthcare’s brand name. Hoefer has the right to sell any

19




of its products, under the Hoefer brand name or any other non-GE Healthcare brand name, through other distribution channels, both direct and indirect. This contract has a five year term with an automatic five-year renewal period, and may be terminated after five years with a one year advance notice. Additionally, upon breach of certain terms of the agreement, such as pricing, exclusivity and delivery, by either party, the agreement may be terminated with a 30 day notice period.

Customer, vendor and employee uncertainty about the effects of any of our acquisitions could harm us.

We and the customers of any companies we acquire may, in response to the consummation of the acquisitions, delay or defer purchasing decisions. Any delay or deferral in purchasing decisions by customers could adversely affect our business. Similarly, employees of acquired companies may experience uncertainty about their future role until or after we execute our strategies with regard to employees of acquired companies. This may adversely affect our ability to attract and retain key management, sales, marketing and technical personnel following an acquisition.

Ethical concerns surrounding the use of our products and misunderstanding of the nature of our business could adversely affect our ability to develop and sell our existing products and new products.

Genetic screening of humans is used to determine individual predisposition to medical conditions. Genetic screening has raised ethical issues regarding the confidentiality and appropriate uses of the resulting information. Government authorities may regulate or prohibit the use of genetic screening to determine genetic predispositions to medical conditions. Additionally, the public may disfavor and reject the use of genetic screening.

Genomic and proteomic research is used to determine the role of genes and proteins in living organisms. Our products are designed and used for genomic and proteomic research and drug discovery and are generally not well suited for human screening. However, it is possible that government authorities and the public may fail to distinguish between the genetic screening of humans and genomic and proteomic research. If this occurs, our products and the processes for which our products are used may be subjected to government regulations intended to affect genetic screening. Further, if the public fails to distinguish between the two fields, it may pressure our customers to discontinue the research and development initiatives for which our products are used.

Additionally, some of our products may be used in areas of research involving cloning, stem cells, human tissue, organ transplants, animal research and other techniques presently being explored in the life science industry. These techniques have drawn much negative attention recently in the public forum and could face similar risks to those identified above surrounding products for genomic and proteomic research.

Our stock price has fluctuated in the past and could experience substantial declines in the future and, as a result, management’s attention may be diverted from more productive tasks.

The market price of our common stock has experienced significant fluctuations and may become volatile and could decline in the future, perhaps substantially, in response to various factors including:

·        technological innovations by competitors or in competing technologies,

·        revenues and operating results fluctuating or failing to meet the expectations of management, securities analysts, or investors in any quarter,

·        termination or suspension of equity research coverage by securities’ analysts,

·        comments of securities analysts and mistakes by or misinterpretation of comments from analysts,

·        downward revisions in securities analysts’ estimates or management guidance,

20




·        investment banks and securities analysts may themselves be subject to suits that may adversely affect the perception of the market,

·        conditions or trends in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries,

·        announcements of significant acquisitions or financings or changes in strategic partnerships,

·        non-compliance with the internal control standards pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and

·        a decrease in the demand for our common stock.

In addition, the stock market and the NASDAQ National Market in general, and the biotechnology industry and small cap markets in particular, have experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that at times may have been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. These broad market and industry factors may seriously harm the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance. In the past, securities class action litigation has often been instituted following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities. A securities class action suit against us could result in substantial costs, potential liabilities and the diversion of management’s attention and resources.

Provisions of Delaware law and of our charter and bylaws may make a takeover more difficult, which could cause our stock price to decline.

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and in the Delaware corporate law may make it difficult and expensive for a third party to pursue a tender offer, change in control or takeover attempt, which is opposed by management and the board of directors. Public stockholders who might desire to participate in such a transaction may not have an opportunity to do so. We also have a staggered board of directors that makes it difficult for stockholders to change the composition of the board of directors in any one year. These anti-takeover provisions could substantially impede the ability of public stockholders to change our management and board of directors. Such provisions may also limit the price that investors might be willing to pay for shares of our common stock in the future.

An active trading market for our common stock may not be sustained.

Although our common stock is quoted on the NASDAQ National Market, an active trading market for the shares may not be sustained.

Future issuance of preferred stock may dilute the rights of our common stockholders.

Our board of directors has the authority to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock and to determine the price, privileges and other terms of these shares. The board of directors may exercise this authority without any further approval of stockholders. The rights of the holders of common stock may be adversely affected by the rights of future holders of preferred stock.

Cash dividends will not be paid on our common stock.

Currently, we intend to retain all of our earnings to finance the expansion and development of our business and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the near future. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of our common stock will be a stockholder’s sole source of gain for the near future.

21




The merger with Genomic Solutions may fail to qualify as a reorganization for federal income tax purposes, resulting in the recognition of taxable gain or loss in respect of our treatment of the merger as a taxable sale.

Both we and Genomic Solutions intended the merger to qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. Although the Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, will not provide a ruling on the matter, Genomic Solutions obtained a legal opinion from its tax counsel that the merger constitutes a non-taxable reorganization for federal income tax purposes. This opinion does not bind the IRS or prevent the IRS from adopting a contrary position. If the merger fails to qualify as a non-taxable reorganization, the merger would be treated as a deemed taxable sale of assets by Genomic Solutions for an amount equal to the merger consideration received by Genomic Solutions’ stockholders plus any liabilities assumed by us. As successor to Genomic Solutions, we would be liable for any tax incurred by Genomic Solutions as a result of this deemed asset sale.

Item 1B.                Unresolved Staff Comments.

We have not received written comments from the Securities and Exchange Commission regarding our periodic or current reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that were received 180 days or more before December 31, 2005 and remain unresolved.

Item 2.                         Properties.

The Company’s 10 principal facilities, for both continuing and discontinued businesses, incorporate manufacturing, development, sales and marketing, and administration functions. Our facilities consist of:

Continuing Operations

·        a leased 43,750 square foot facility in Holliston, Massachusetts, which is our corporate headquarters,

·        a leased 28,000 square foot facility in Cambridge, England,

·   a leased 22,600 square foot facility in San Francisco, California,

·        a leased 18,000 square foot facility in Warwickshire, England,

·        an owned 15,500 square foot facility in Edenbridge, England,

·        a leased 9,000 square foot facility in March-Hugstetten, Germany,

·        a leased 7,500 square foot facility in Hamden, Connecticut,

·        a leased 4,700 square foot facility in Eugendorf, Austria.

Discontinued Operations

·        a leased 16,094 square foot facility in Ann Arbor, Michigan,

·        a leased 24,000 square foot facility in Huntingdon, England,

We also lease additional facilities for sales and administrative support in Geel, Belgium; Les Ulix, France and Montreal, Canada.

Item 3.                         Legal Proceedings.

From time to time, we may be involved in various claims and legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. We are not currently a party to any such claims or proceedings

Item 4.                         Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.

None.

22




PART II

Item 5.                         Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Price Range of Common Stock

Our common stock has been quoted on the Nasdaq National Market since our initial public offering on December 7, 2000, and currently trades under the symbol “HBIO.” The following table sets forth the range of the high and low sales prices per share of our common stock as reported on the Nasdaq National Market for the quarterly periods indicated.

Year Ended December 31, 2005

 

High

 

Low

 

First Quarter

 

$

4.84

 

$

3.79

 

Second Quarter

 

$

3.93

 

$

2.80

 

Third Quarter

 

$

3.58

 

$

2.66

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

4.80

 

$

2.98

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2004

 

High

 

Low

 

First Quarter

 

$

11.10

 

$

7.76

 

Second Quarter

 

$

10.61

 

$

4.00

 

Third Quarter

 

$

4.98

 

$

3.51

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

4.67

 

$

3.57

 

 

On February 28, 2006, the closing sale price of our common stock on the Nasdaq National Market was $4.99 per share. The number of record holders of our common stock as of February 28, 2006 was 217. We believe that the number of beneficial owners of our common stock at that date was substantially greater.

Dividend Policy

We have never declared or paid dividends on our common stock in the past and do not intend to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination to pay dividends will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements and other factors the board of directors deems relevant.

23




Item 6.                         Selected Financial Data.

 

 

For The Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

 

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

Statement of Operations Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$

67,431

 

$

64,745

 

$

52,024

 

$

47,009

 

$

38,088

 

Cost of product revenues

 

34,156

 

33,312

 

27,430

 

24,702

 

19,710

 

Gross profit

 

33,275

 

31,433

 

24,594

 

22,307

 

18,378

 

Operating expenses

 

25,351

 

23,049

 

17,421

 

16,882

 

15,266

 

Operating income

 

7,924

 

8,384

 

7,173

 

5,425

 

3,112

 

Other income (expense), net

 

(784

)

(751

)

(1,012

)

450

 

1,244

 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

 

7,140

 

7,633

 

6,161

 

5,875

 

4,356

 

Income taxes

 

899

 

3,115

 

2,542

 

2,805

 

2,449

 

Income from continuing operations

 

6,241

 

4,518

 

3,619

 

3,070

 

1,907

 

Discontinued operations, net of tax(1)

 

(38,118

)

(2,189

)

641

 

(2,333

)

(7,115

)

Net income (loss)

 

(31,877

)

2,329

 

4,260

 

737

 

(5,208

)

Income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share from continuing operations

 

$

0.20

 

$

0.15

 

$

0.12

 

$

0.11

 

$

0.07

 

Discontinued operations

 

(1.25

)

(0.07

)

0.02

 

(0.08

)

(0.27

)

Basic earnings (loss) per common share

 

$

(1.05

)

$

0.08

 

$

0.14

 

$

0.03

 

$

(0.20

)

Diluted earnings per common share from continuing operations

 

$

0.20

 

$

0.15

 

$

0.12

 

$

0.11

 

$

0.07

 

Discontinued operations

 

(1.24

)

(0.08

)

0.02

 

(0.08

)

(0.27

)

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share

 

$

(1.04

)

$

0.07

 

$

0.14

 

$

0.03

 

$

(0.20

)

Weighted average common shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

30,442

 

30,269

 

29,924

 

27,090

 

25,785

 

Diluted

 

30,781

 

31,103

 

30,712

 

27,597

 

26,382

 

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

7,632

 

$

13,867

 

$

8,223

 

$

15,313

 

$

29,385

 

Working capital

 

42,400

 

45,245

 

40,182

 

31,816

 

32,597

 

Total assets

 

92,035

 

139,881

 

128,429

 

107,584

 

82,362

 

Long-term debt, net of current portion

 

8,500

 

16,520

 

12,787

 

400

 

637

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

68,416

 

104,357

 

98,878

 

88,381

 

66,812

 


(1)           During the quarter ended September 30, 2005, we announced plans to divest our Capital Equipment Business segment. The decision to divest this business segment was based on the fact that market conditions for the Capital Equipment Business have been such that this business has not met our expectations and the decision to focus our resources on the Apparatus and Instrumentation Business segment. As a result, we began reporting the Capital Equipment Business segment as a discontinued operation in the third quarter of 2005. During 2005, we recorded abandonment, impairment and write-down charges related to our Capital Equipment Business segment of approximately $28.7 million on goodwill and other long-lived assets, which are classified under the caption “Discontinued Operations, net of tax.”

24




Item 7.                         Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Forward-Looking Statements

The following section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contains statements that are not statements of historical fact and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. These statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and subject to risks and uncertainties. Factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include those factors described in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” beginning on page 11 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. You should carefully review all of these factors, as well as the comprehensive discussion of forward-looking statements on page 1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Overview

During the second quarter of 2005, we realigned our lines of business into two business segments, the Apparatus and Instrumentation Business segment and our Capital Equipment Business segment. Our business had previously been arranged in a single segment.

In July 2005, we announced plans to divest our Capital Equipment Business segment. The decision to divest this business was based on the fact that market conditions for the Capital Equipment Business segment have been such that this business has not met our expectations and the decision to focus our resources on our Apparatus and Instrumentation Business segment. As a result, we began reporting our Capital Equipment Business segment as a discontinued operation in the third quarter of 2005. Accordingly, unless otherwise indicated, the discussion of our business is focused on our continuing operations, which constitute our Apparatus and Instrumentation businesses.

From 1999 to 2005, the revenues from our continuing operations grew from $26.2 million to $67.4 million, an annual compounded growth rate of approximately 20%. During the second half of 2005, we successfully refocused our resources on our core apparatus and instrumentation business, which has been the cornerstone to our success over the last decade. As a result of these efforts, throughout 2005 we were able to steadily increase our organic growth and improve both our gross margin and our operating income margin. The organic sales growth has been driven by the continued strength in our core physiology and our spectrophotometer product lines and an increase in international sales, particularly in Europe.

Looking forward to 2006, we remain encouraged by the continued strengthening of our international sales in the life sciences market and we remain committed to our goal of high revenue and profit growth through a combination of organic growth and tuck under acquisitions.

Generally, management evaluates the financial performance of its operations before the effects of stock compensation expense and before the effects of purchase accounting and amortization of intangible assets related to our acquisitions. Our goal is to develop and sell products that improve life science research and as such, we monitor the operating metrics of the Company and when appropriate, effect organizational changes to leverage infrastructure and distribution channels. These changes may be effected as a result of various events, including acquisitions, the worldwide economy, general market conditions and personnel changes.

During 2003, we entered into a $20 million credit facility with Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., under which we had drawn down $8.5 million as of December 31, 2005. The credit facility expires on January 1, 2007. We believe that the financial covenants contained in the credit facility involving income, debt coverage and cash flow, as well as minimum working capital requirements are covenants that we will

25




continue to be in compliance with under current operating plans. The credit facility also contains limitations on our ability to incur additional indebtedness. Additionally, the facility requires creditor approval for acquisitions funded with cash in excess of $6 million and for acquisitions funded with equity in excess of $10 million. We do not believe that these requirements will be a significant constraint on our operations or on the acquisition portion of our growth strategy. As of December 31, 2005, we had available borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facility of $11.5 million, but were limited to borrowing approximately $9.8 million by the revolving credit facility’s covenants.

Historically, we have funded acquisitions with debt, capital raised by issuing equity and cash flow from operations. In order to continue the acquisition portion of our growth strategy beyond what our current cash balances and cash flow from operations can support we will need to raise more capital, either by incurring additional debt, issuing equity or a combination or through the sale of our Capital Equipment Business segment.

To the extent we receive some or all of the proceeds in cash from the planned divestiture of our Capital Equipment Business segment, we intend to apply any cash proceeds to the repayment of debt, to continue our tuck-under acquisition strategy within our Apparatus and Instrumentation Business segment or to other general corporate purposes.

Under the current terms of our existing credit facility, we will be required to obtain consent from our lenders upon the sale of our Capital Equipment Business segment. If we are unable to obtain this consent, sale of our Capital Equipment Business segment will trigger a default under the credit facility whereby our lenders could accelerate all of our outstanding indebtedness and terminate our credit facility.

In the table below, we provide an overview of  selected operating metrics.

 

 

2005

 

% of
Revenue

 

2004

 

% of
Revenue

 

2003

 

% of
Revenue

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Total revenues

 

$

67,431

 

 

 

 

 

$

64,745

 

 

 

 

 

$

52,024

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of product revenues

 

34,156

 

 

50.7

%

 

33,312

 

 

51.5

%

 

27,430

 

 

52.7

%

 

Sales and marketing expenses

 

8,110

 

 

12.0

%

 

7,564

 

 

11.7

%

 

6,062

 

 

11.7

%

 

General & administrative expenses

 

12,627

 

 

18.7

%

 

10,922

 

 

16.9

%

 

8,434

 

 

16.2

%

 

Research and development expenses

 

2,950

 

 

4.4

%

 

2,981

 

 

4.6

%

 

2,034

 

 

3.9

%

 

 

Revenues.    We generate revenues by selling apparatus instruments, devices and consumables through our catalog, our direct sales force, our distributors and our website.

For products primarily priced under $10,000, every one to three years, we intend to distribute a new, comprehensive catalog initially in a series of bulk mailings, first to our existing customers, followed by mailings to targeted markets of potential customers. Over the life of the catalog, distribution will also be made periodically to potential and existing customers through direct mail and trade shows and in response to e-mail and telephone inquiries. From time to time, we also intend to distribute catalog supplements that promote selected areas of our catalog or new products to targeted subsets of our customer base. Future distributions of our comprehensive catalog and our catalog supplements will be determined primarily by the incidence of new product introductions, which cannot be predicted. Our end user customers are research scientists at pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, universities and government laboratories. Revenue from catalog sales in any period is influenced by the amount of time elapsed since the last mailing of the catalog, the number of catalogs mailed and the number of new items included in the catalog. We launched our latest comprehensive catalog in March 2004, with approximately 1,100 pages and approximately 70,000 copies printed. Revenues direct to end users, derived through our catalog and the electronic version of our catalog on our website, represented approximately 33% and 32% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively.

26




Products sold under brand names of distributors including GE Healthcare, are typically priced in the range of $5,000-$15,000. They are mainly scientific instruments like spectrophotometers and plate readers that analyze light to detect and quantify a very wide range of molecular and cellular processes or apparatus like gel electrophoresis units. We also use distributors for both our catalog products and our higher priced products, for sales in locations where we do not have subsidiaries or where we have distributors in place for acquired businesses. For the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, approximately 61% and 63%, respectively, of our revenues were derived from sales to distributors.

For the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, approximately 90% and 89%, respectively, of our revenues were derived from products we manufacture or from collaboration and research grant projects. The remaining 10% and 11%, respectively, of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, were derived from complementary products we distribute in order to provide the researcher with a single source for all equipment needed to conduct a particular experiment. For the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, approximately 51% and 47%, respectively, of our revenues were derived from sales made by our non-U.S. operations. A large portion of our international sales during this period consisted of sales to GE Healthcare (formerly Amersham Biosciences), the distributor for our spectrophotometers and plate readers. GE Healthcare distributes these products to customers around the world, including to many customers in the United States, from its distribution center in Upsalla, Sweden. As a result, we believe our international sales would have been a lower percentage of our revenues if we had shipped our products directly to our end-users. Changes in the relative proportion of our revenue sources between catalog sales, direct sales, and distribution sales are the result of a different sales proportion of acquired companies.

Cost of product revenues.    Cost of product revenues includes material, labor and manufacturing overhead costs, obsolescence charges, packaging costs, warranty costs, shipping costs and royalties. Our cost of product revenues may vary over time based on the mix of products sold. We sell products that we manufacture and products that we purchase from third parties. The products that we purchase from third parties have higher cost of goods sold because the profit is effectively shared with the original manufacturer. We anticipate that our manufactured products will continue to have a lower cost of product revenues as a percentage of revenues as compared with the cost of non-manufactured products for the foreseeable future. Additionally, our cost of product revenues as a percent of product revenues will vary based on mix of direct to end user sales and distributor sales, mix by product line and mix by geography.

General and administrative expenses.    General and administrative expense consists primarily of salaries and other related costs for personnel in executive, finance, accounting, information technology and human relations functions. Other costs include professional fees for legal and accounting services, restructuring costs, facility costs, investor relations, insurance and provision for doubtful accounts.

Sales and marketing expenses.    Sales and marketing expense consists primarily of salaries and related expenses for personnel in sales, marketing and customer support functions. We also incur costs for travel, trade shows, demonstration equipment, public relations and marketing materials, consisting primarily of the printing and distribution of our approximately 1,100 page catalog, supplements and various other specialty catalogs, and the maintenance of our websites. We may from time to time expand our marketing efforts by employing additional technical marketing specialists in an effort to increase sales of selected categories of products in our catalog. We may also from time to time expand our direct sales organizations in an effort to increase and/or support sales of our higher priced capital equipment instruments or to concentrate on key accounts or promote certain product lines.

27




Research and development expenses.    Research and development expense consists primarily of salaries and related expenses for personnel and capital resources used to develop and enhance our products and to support collaboration agreements. Other research and development expense includes fees for consultants and outside service providers, and material costs for prototype and test units. We expense research and development costs as incurred. We believe that significant investment in product development is a competitive necessity and plan to continue to make these investments in order to realize the potential of new technologies that we develop, license or acquire.

Stock compensation expenses.    Currently, stock compensation expense resulting from stock option grants to our employees represents the difference between the fair market value and the exercise price of the stock options on the grant date for those options considered fixed awards. Stock compensation is amortized as a charge to operations using an accelerated vesting method in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation No. 28, Accounting for Stock Appreciation Rights and Other Variable Stock Option or Award Plans, which results in decreasing compensation expense from the date of the stock option grant until the vesting dates. In addition, upon the acceleration of vesting pursuant to separation agreements, the Company will record stock compensation expense equal to the difference between the fair market value and the exercise price related to the options, which were accelerated. Stock compensation expense is included as a component of cost of product sales, sales and marketing expenses, research and development expenses, and general and administrative expenses as appropriate. During the first quarter of 2006, we will adopt SFAS No. 123R, Share-Based Payments, a revision of SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation . Please see “Recent Accounting Pronouncements” for further information.

Results of Operations

Year Ended December 31, 2005 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2004

Revenues.    Revenues increased $2.7 million, or 4.1%, to $67.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 compared to $64.7 million during 2004. The revenue increase was across various product lines in the Biochrom and in the Harvard Apparatus businesses of approximately $1.7 million and approximately $0.9 million, respectively. In addition, revenue growth of $0.8 million was attributed to our acquisition of KD Scientific in March 2004. Offsetting these increases in revenue during 2005 was a negative foreign exchange impact on sales denominated in foreign currencies of approximately $0.6 million, or 1%.

Cost of product revenues.    Cost of product revenues increased $0.8 million, or 2.5%, to $34.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 compared to $33.3 million during 2004. The increase in cost of product revenues is primarily attributable to the increase in revenues described above. Gross profit as a percentage of revenue increased to 49.3% for the year ended December 31, 2005 compared with 48.5% during 2004. Improvements in gross profit as a percentage of sales was driven by increased sales of more profitable products and improved factory efficiencies. In 2004, approximately $0.3 million of the cost of product revenues was related to fair value adjustments of inventory and backlog acquired from Hoefer for products, which were sold in 2004.

General and administrative expenses.    General and administrative expenses, including restructuring costs, increased $1.7 million, or 15.6%, to $12.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 compared to $10.9 million during 2004. The increase in general and administrative expenses is primarily due to direct and indirect costs associated with Sarbanes-Oxley compliance of $0.5 million, bonuses to be paid to employees at our Harvard Apparatus and Biochrom subsidiaries of $0.4 million and restructuring expenses for the realignment of personnel at our Biochrom, Scie-Plas and Hoefer subsidiaries of $0.3 million.

Sales and marketing expenses.    Sales and marketing expenses increased $0.5 million, or 7.2%, to $8.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 from $7.6 million during 2004. The increase in sales and marketing expenses is primarily due to increased investment in direct marketing in our Harvard Apparatus business.

28




Research and development expenses.    Research and development expenses were $3.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively.

Amortization of intangible assets.    Amortization of intangibles was $1.7 million in the year ended December 31, 2005 compared to $1.6 million during 2004.

Other income (expense), net.    Other expense, net, was $0.8 million in 2005, and consisted primarily of net interest expense of $0.7 million and foreign exchange losses of $55,000. Other expense, net of $0.8 million in 2004 consisted primarily of $0.6 million net interest expense and foreign exchange gains of $33,000. Other than intercompany debt that is considered as long-term in nature, these exchange gains and losses are primarily the result of currency fluctuations on intercompany transactions between our subsidiaries.

Income taxes.    The Company’s effective income tax rate for its continuing operations was 13% for 2005 compared to 41% for 2004. The decrease in the effective income tax rate is principally due to the allocation of tax benefits resulting from the ability of our continuing operations to use net operating loss carryforwards that have been reserved for under SFAS No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes .

Discontinued Operations.    During the quarter ended September 30, 2005, the Company announced plans to divest its Capital Equipment Business segment. The decision to divest this business segment was based on the fact that market conditions for our Capital Equipment Business have been such that this business has not met the Company’s expectations and the decision to focus Company resources on the Apparatus and Instrumentation Business segment. As a result, the Company began reporting our Capital Equipment Business segment as a discontinued operation in the third quarter of 2005.

During 2004, we announced restructuring activities within our Capital Equipment Business segment at our Genomic Solutions subsidiary related to the closure of a manufacturing facility and realignment of our cost structure. Total restructuring charges for 2004 were approximately $0.4 million. During the second quarter of 2005, we expanded this plan to include the closure of another manufacturing facility and to discontinue certain product lines due to product rationalization decisions made during the second quarter. Total restructuring charges during 2005 for the Genomic Solutions subsidiary were $4.0 million. These charges related primarily to the write-off of inventory for rationalized products of $3.5 million, severance costs of $0.2 million, facility closure costs of $0.2 million and other costs of $0.1 million. In addition, we recorded approximately $0.2 million related to a decision to consolidate our Union Biometrica US manufacturing facility into our Holliston, MA facility.

Also during the second quarter of 2005, as a result of a significant decrease in the revenues and operating profit in our Capital Equipment Business segment, we recorded impairment charges of approximately $17.5 million. During the fourth quarter of 2005, we did not meet our forecasts and expectations. As a result, with the assistance of third party independent appraisers we re-evaluated the fair-value of the disposal group. This resulted in the recording of an additional write-down of approximately $11.2 million, which consisted of a goodwill impairment charge of approximately $7.9 million and write-down of long-lived assets of approximately $3.4 million. Total abandonment, impairment and write-down charges of approximately $28.7 million have been classified within discontinued operations for the year ended December 31, 2005.

Year Ended December 31, 2004 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2003

Revenues.    Revenues increased $12.7 million, or 24.5%, to $64.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2004 from $52.0 million in the same period of 2003. The increase in revenues was primarily due to the acquisitions of Hoefer and KD Scientific (which increased revenues by approximately $10.9 million) and a positive impact from sales denominated in foreign currencies (which increased revenues by approximately $3.1 million), a majority of which was at Biochrom. The favorable foreign exchange effect for the year ended December 31, 2004 was due primarily to the strengthening of the British pound sterling and the Euro against the U.S. dollar.

29




Cost of product revenues.    Cost of product revenues increased $5.9 million or 21.4%, to $33.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2004 from $27.4 million for the same period in 2003. The increase in the cost of product revenues was primarily due to the factors, which contributed to the growth in revenues. As a percentage of total revenues, gross profit for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 was 51.5% and 52.7%, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2004, approximately $0.3 million of the cost of product revenues was related to fair value adjustments of inventory and backlog acquired from Hoefer for products, which were sold in 2004. For the year ended December 31, 2003, approximately $0.3 million of the cost of product revenues was related to fair value adjustments of inventory and backlog acquired from BTX and Hoefer for products, which were sold in 2003.

General and administrative expenses.    General and administrative expenses increased $2.5 million, or 29.5%, to $10.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2004 compared to $8.4 million for the same period in 2003. Approximately $1.3 million of the increase is attributable to additional costs of Sarbanes-Oxley compliance efforts and approximately $1.2 million of the increase is attributable to the acquisition of Hoefer in November 2003.

Sales and marketing expenses.    Sales and marketing expenses increased $1.5 million, or 24.8%, to $7.6 million in 2004 from $6.1 million in 2003 due primarily to the acquisitions of Hoefer in November 2003 of approximately $0.6 million and KD Scientific of $0.2 million and a general increase in spending on sales and marketing initiatives.

Research and development expenses.    Research and development expenses was $3.0 million in 2004 compared to $2.0 million in 2003 due primarily to the acquisition of Hoefer in November 2003, which contributed approximately $0.6 million to the increase in expense in 2004.

Amortization of intangible assets.    Amortization of intangibles was $1.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2004 compared to $0.9 million for the same period in 2003. This increase is primarily attributed to the acquisitions of Hoefer and KD Scientific made during 2003 and 2004.

Other income (expense), net.    Other expense, net, for 2004 of $0.7 million included approximately $0.6 million net interest expense compared to net interest expense of $0.2 million for the same period in 2003. This increase in net interest expense is due to cash and interest-bearing debt being increasingly used to fund acquisitions since 2003. Other expense, net, for 2004 also included a $33,000 foreign exchange gain compared to a $52,000 loss for in 2003. Other than intercompany debt that is considered as long-term in nature, these exchange gains and losses are primarily the result of currency fluctuations on intercompany transactions between our subsidiaries. Other expense for 2003 included approximately $0.8 million in charges related to the settlement of an arbitration award in favor of the former shareholders of our Union Biometrica subsidiary.

Income taxes.    Our effective income tax rates were 41% for both 2004 and 2003, respectively.

Discontinued Operations.    Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax was $2.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2004 compared to income from discontinued operations, net of tax of  $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2003. The loss from discontinued operations during 2004 was primarily attributable to a decrease in revenue and operating profit at our Genomic Solutions subsidiary compared to the same period in 2003.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Historically, we have financed our business through cash provided by operating activities, the issuance of common stock and preferred stock, and bank borrowings. Our liquidity requirements have arisen primarily from investing activities, including funding of acquisitions and capital expenditures. We ended the year with cash and cash equivalents of $9.8 million, of which $7.6 million was held in continuing operations and $2.2 million in discontinued operations. This was a decrease of approximately $4.1 million, compared to cash and cash equivalents of $13.9 million at December 31, 2004. This decrease is primarily due to payments of approximately $8.0 million, of which $6.0 million were made during the fourth quarter, on our $20 million revolving credit facility and capital expenditures of $1.1 million, offset by cash provided

30




by operations of approximately $5.2 million during 2005. We ended 2005 with $8.5 million drawn against our revolving credit facility compared to $16.5 million at December 31, 2004.

Overview of Cash Flows for the year ended December 31,

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cash flows from operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

(31,877

)

$

2,329

 

$

4,260

 

Adjust non-cash items

 

37,284

 

5,661

 

5,938

 

Changes in assets and liabilities

 

(212

)

3,448

 

(8,170

)

Cash provided by operations

 

5,195

 

11,438

 

2,028

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of businesses

 

 

(7,082

)

(21,149

)

Other investing activities

 

(1,076

)

(3,337

)

(1,248

)

Cash used in investing activities

 

(1,076

)

(10,419

)

(22,397

)

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash (repaid) provided by debt, net

 

(8,018

)

3,339

 

11,782

 

Other financing activities

 

225

 

871

 

1,272

 

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(7,793

)

4,210

 

13,054

 

Exchange effect on cash

 

(422

)

415

 

225

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

(4,096

)

$

5,644

 

$

(7,090

)

 

Our operating activities generated cash of $5.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 compared to $11.4 million for the same period in 2004. The decrease in cash flow from operations from 2005 compared to 2004 was primarily the result of a reduction in net income less non-cash charges, a decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses due to the timing of payments and a decrease in accrued income taxes payable. This was slightly offset by a decrease in inventory balances of approximately $1.6 million.

Our investing activities used cash of $1.1 million in 2005 compared to $10.4 million in 2004. In 2004, approximately $6.7 million was used to fund the acquisition of KD Scientific, which is more fully described in Note 6 to our consolidated financial statements, and approximately $3.0 million was used to fund additions of property, plant and equipment. Other than cash used for acquisitions, cash flow used for other investing activities primarily consists of capital expenditures. Capital expenditures during 2005 were approximately $1.1 million compared to approximately $3.3 million during 2004. During the next twelve months, we expect to spend between $1.0 million and $2.0 million on capital expenditures.

Our financing activities have historically consisted of borrowings under a revolving credit facility with Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., long-term debt and the issuance of preferred stock and common stock, including the common stock issued in our initial public offering. We used cash of $7.8 million in financing activities in 2005 compared to 2004 where financing activities provided net cash of $4.2 million. We ended the year with $8.5 million drawn against our $20 million revolving credit facility, a decrease of approximately $8.0 million since December 31, 2004 as a result of repayments during 2005.

On November 21, 2003, we entered into a $20 million revolving credit facility with Brown Brothers Harriman and Company (the “bank”). The credit facility, which expires on January 1, 2007 and bears an

31




interest rate equal to the bank’s base rate, which at December 31, 2005 was equal to the prime rate of 7.25%. The credit facility contains covenants relating to net income, debt service coverage and cash flow coverage. The Company is currently in compliance with such covenants. The credit facility requires the Company to seek approval from the bank prior to any acquisition where the purchase price will exceed $10 million in stock or $6 million in cash. We are assessed a .25% fee on the unused portion of the credit facility. As of December 31, 2005, there was $8.5 million outstanding under the credit facility, a decrease of approximately $8.0 million from $16.5 million as of December 31, 2004. As of December 31, 2005, we had available borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facility of $11.5 million, but were limited to borrowing approximately $9.8 million by the revolving credit facility’s covenants.

Our forecast of the period of time through which our financial resources will be adequate to support our operations is a forward-looking statement that involves risks and uncertainties, and actual results could vary as a result of a number of factors. Based on our current operations and current operating plans, we expect that our available cash, cash generated from current operations and debt capacity will be sufficient to finance current operations and capital expenditures for 12 months and beyond. However, we may use substantial amounts of capital to accelerate product development or expand our sales and marketing activities. We may need to raise additional capital in order to make significant acquisitions. Additional capital raising activities will dilute the ownership interests of existing stockholders to the extent we raise capital by issuing equity securities and we cannot assure you that we will be successful in raising additional capital on favorable terms or at all. Our credit facility with Brown Brothers Harriman contains limitations on our ability to incur additional indebtedness and requires creditor approval for acquisitions funded with cash in excess of $6 million and for acquisitions funded with equity in excess of $10 million.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not use special purpose entities or other off-balance sheet financing arrangements.

Contractual Obligations

The following schedule represents our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2005.

 

 

Total

 

2006

 

2007

 

2008

 

2009

 

2010

 

2011 and
Beyond

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Notes payable

 

$

8,500

 

$

 

$

8,500

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

Capital leases, including imputed interest

 

21

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating leases

 

6,450

 

1,704

 

1,639

 

1,428

 

583

 

299

 

 

797

 

 

Total

 

$

14,971

 

$

1,725

 

$

10,139

 

$

1,428

 

$

583

 

$

299

 

 

$

797

 

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

We believe that our critical accounting policies are as follows:

·        revenue recognition;

·        accounting for income taxes;

·        inventory;

·        valuation of identifiable intangible assets and in-process research and development in business combinations; and

·        valuation of long-lived and intangible assets and goodwill.

32




Revenue recognition.    We recognize revenue of products when persuasive evidence of a sales arrangement exists, the price to the buyer is fixed or determinable, delivery has occurred, and collectibility of the sales price is reasonably assured. Sales of some of our products include provisions to provide additional services such as installation and training. We evaluate all sales with multiple deliverables, including our collaboration agreements, to determine if more than one unit of accounting exists, in accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue No. 00-21, Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables. When we determine that there is more than one unit of accounting, and there is objective and reliable evidence of fair value for all units of accounting in an arrangement, the arrangement consideration is allocated to the separate units of accounting based on their relative fair values. In situations where there is objective and reliable evidence of the fair value(s) of the undelivered item(s) in an arrangement but no such evidence for the delivered item(s), we apply the residual method to allocate fair value. Under the residual method, the amount of consideration allocated to the delivered item(s) equals the total arrangement consideration less the aggregate fair value of the undelivered item(s). Revenue for each unit of accounting is recorded once all applicable revenue recognition criteria have been met . Service agreements on our equipment are typically sold separately from the sale of the equipment. Revenues on these service agreements are recognized ratably over the life of the agreement, typically one year, in accordance with FASB Technical Bulletin (FTB) 90-1, Accounting for Separately Priced Extended Warranty and Product Maintenance Contracts .

We account for shipping and handling fees and costs in accordance with EITF Issue No. 00-10, Accounting for Shipping and Handling Fees and Costs , which requires all amounts charged to customers for shipping and handling to be classified as revenues. Our costs incurred related to shipping and handling are classified as cost of product revenues. Warranties and product returns are estimated and accrued for at the time sales are recorded. We have no obligations to customers after the date products are shipped or installed, if applicable, other than pursuant to warranty obligations and service or maintenance contracts. We provide for the estimated amount of future returns upon shipment of products or installation, if applicable, based on historical experience. While product returns and warranty costs have historically not been significant, they have been within our expectations and the provisions established, however, there is no assurance that we will continue to experience the same return rates and warranty repair costs that we have in the past. Any significant increase in product return rates or a significant increase in the cost to repair our products could have a material adverse impact on our operating results for the period or periods in which such returns or increased costs materialize.

We make estimates evaluating our allowance for doubtful accounts. On an ongoing basis, we monitor collections and payments from our customers and maintain a provision for estimated credit losses based upon our historical experience and any specific customer collection issues that we have identified. While such credit losses have historically not been significant, they have been within our expectations and the provisions established, however, there is no assurance that we will continue to experience the same credit loss rates that we have in the past. A significant change in the liquidity or financial position of our customers could have a material adverse impact on the collectibility of our accounts receivable and our future operating results.

Accounting for income taxes.    We are required to determine our annual income tax provision in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. This involves determining our current and deferred income tax expense as well as accounting for differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. The future tax consequences attributable to these differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our consolidated balance sheets. We must assess the recoverability of the deferred tax assets by considering whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. To the extent we believe that recovery does not meet this “more likely than not” standard as required in SFAS No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes , we must establish a valuation allowance. If a valuation allowance is established or

33




increased in a period, generally we must allocate the related income tax expense to income from continuing operations in the consolidated statement of operations.

Management’s judgment and estimates are required in determining our income tax provision, deferred tax assets and liabilities and any valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets. We have established a valuation allowance attributable to certain temporary differences as we believe that a portion of the deferred tax assets at December 31, 2005 do not meet the “more likely than not” standard of realization based on our ability to generate sufficient future taxable income in the carryback and carryforward periods based on the criteria set forth in SFAS No. 109. We review the recoverability of deferred tax assets during each reporting period by reviewing estimates of future taxable income, future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, and tax planning strategies that would, if necessary, be implemented to realize the benefit of a deferred tax asset before expiration.

Inventory.    We value our inventory at the lower of the actual cost to purchase (first-in, first-out method) and/or manufacture the inventory or the current estimated market value of the inventory. We regularly review inventory quantities on hand and record a provision to write down excess and obsolete inventory to its estimated net realizable value if less than cost, based primarily on its estimated forecast of product demand. Since forecasted product demand quite often is a function of previous and current demand, a significant decrease in demand could result in an increase in the charges for excess inventory quantities on hand. In addition, our industry is subject to technological change and new product development, and technological advances could result in an increase in the amount of obsolete inventory quantities on hand. Therefore, any significant unanticipated changes in demand or technological developments could have a significant adverse impact on the value of our inventory and our reported operating results.

Valuation of identifiable intangible assets acquired in business combinations.    Identifiable intangible assets consist primarily of trademarks and acquired technology. Such intangible assets arise from the allocation of the purchase price of businesses acquired to identifiable intangible assets based on their respective fair market values. Amounts assigned to such identifiable intangible assets are primarily based on independent appraisals using established valuation techniques and management estimates. The value assigned to trademarks was determined by estimating the royalty income that would be negotiated at an arm’s-length transaction if the asset were licensed from a third party. A discount factor, ranging from 20% to 40%, which represents both the business and financial risks of such investments, was used to determine the present value of the future streams of income attributable to trademarks. The specific approach used to value trademarks was the Relief from Royalty (“RFR”) method. The RFR method assumes that an intangible asset is valuable because the owner of the asset avoids the cost of licensing that asset. The royalty savings are then calculated by multiplying a royalty rate times a determined royalty base, i.e., the applicable level of future revenues. In determining an appropriate royalty rate, a sample of guideline, arm’s length royalty and licensing agreements are analyzed. In determining the royalty base, forecasts are used based on management’s judgments of expected conditions and expected courses of actions. The value assigned to acquired technology was determined by using a discounted cash flow model, which measures what a buyer would be willing to pay currently for the future cash stream potential of existing technology. The specific method used to value the technologies involved estimating future cash flows to be derived as a direct result of those technologies, and discounting those future streams to their present value. The discount factors used, ranging from 20% to 40%, reflects the business and financial risks of an investment in technologies. Forecasts of future cash flows are based on management’s judgment of expected conditions and expected courses of action.

Valuation of in-process research and development acquired in business combinations.    Purchase price allocation to in-process research and development represents the estimated fair value of research and development projects that are reasonably believed to have no alternative future use. The value assigned to in-process research and development was determined by independent appraisals by estimating the cost to

34




develop the purchased in-process research and development into commercially feasible products, estimating the percentage of completion at the acquisition date, estimating the resulting net risk-adjusted cash flows from the projects and discounting the net cash flows to their present value. The discount rates used in determining the in-process research and development expenditures reflects a higher risk of investment because of the higher level of uncertainty due in part to the nature of the Company and the industry to constantly develop new technology for future product releases and ranged from 25% to 43.5%. The forecasts used by us in valuing in-process research and development were based on assumptions we believed at the time to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. Given the uncertainties of the development process, no assurance can be given that deviations from our estimates will occur and no assurance can be given that the in-process research and development projects identified will ever reach either technological or commercial success.

Valuation of long-lived and intangible assets and goodwill.    In accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, we assess the value of identifiable intangibles with finite lives and long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Factors we consider important which could trigger an impairment review include the following: significant underperformance relative to expected historical or projected future operating results; significant changes in the manner of our use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business; significant negative industry or economic trends; significant changes in who our competitors are and what they do; significant changes in our relationship with GE Healthcare; significant decline in our stock price for a sustained period; and our market capitalization relative to net book value.

If we were to determine that the value of long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets with finite lives was not recoverable based on the existence of one or more of the aforementioned factors, then the recoverability of those assets to be held and used would be measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of those assets to undiscounted future net cash flows before tax effects expected to be generated by those assets. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized would be measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets.

A long-lived asset classified as “held for sale” is initially measured at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell. In the period the “held for sale” criteria are met, the Company recognizes an impairment charge for any initial adjustment of the long-lived assets. During each reporting period after the initial measurement, gains or losses resulting from fluctuations in the fair value less costs to sell are recognized. Gains and losses not previously recognized resulting from the sale of a long-lived asset are recognized on the date of sale. Assets to be disposed of are separately presented in the consolidated balance sheet and long-lived assets are no longer depreciated or amortized. The assets and liabilities of a disposal group, which are classified as held for sale, are presented separately in the appropriate asset and liability sections of the balance sheet. Operating results for all periods presented are presented as discontinued operations, net of tax. In accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 87-24, Allocation of Interest to Discontinued Operations , the Company has elected not to allocate interest of its consolidated debt to discontinued operations.

In June 2001, SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets was issued. SFAS No. 142 addresses financial accounting and reporting for acquired goodwill and other intangible assets. Among other things, SFAS No. 142 requires that goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives no longer be amortized, but rather tested annually for impairment or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate that there may be impairment. The goodwill impairment test consists of a comparison of the fair value of the Company’s reporting units with their carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds its fair value, the Company is required to perform the second step of the impairment test, as this is an indication that goodwill may be impaired. The impairment loss is measured by comparing the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds the implied fair

35




value, an impairment loss shall be recognized in an amount equal to the excess. After an impairment loss is recognized, the adjusted carrying amount of the intangible asset shall be its new accounting basis. Subsequent reversal of a previously recognized impairment loss is prohibited. For unamortizable intangible assets if the carrying amount exceeds the fair value of the asset, the Company would write-down the unamortizable intangible asset to fair value.

During the second quarter of 2005, the asset groups that comprise our Capital Equipment Business segment experienced a significant decrease in revenues and operating profit margins. As a result, with the assistance of third party independent appraisers we re-evaluated the long-lived assets associated with these asset groups in accordance with SFAS No. 144, Accounting for Impairments or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets and determined that certain intangible assets within these asset groups were impaired as of June 30, 2005. We recorded abandonment and impairment charges within the Capital Equipment Business segment totaling approximately $8.1 million for long-lived assets during the second quarter of 2005. The abandonment and impairment charges have been classified within discontinued operations for the year ended December 31, 2005.

Also, as a result of the significant decrease in revenues and operating profit margins experienced by our Capital Equipment Business segment during the second quarter, in accordance with SFAS No. 142, we, with the assistance of third party independent appraisers, re-evaluated the goodwill associated with the Genomic Solutions and Union Biometrica reporting units for impairment as of June 30, 2005. As a result of this goodwill impairment testing, we recorded impairment charges within our Capital Equipment Business segment of approximately $9.3 million for goodwill during the second quarter of 2005. The impairment charges have been classified within discontinued operations for the year ended December 31, 2005.

During the fourth quarter of 2005, with the assistance of third party independent appraisers, the Company performed its annual impairment testing on the goodwill included in the Capital Equipment disposal group in accordance with SFAS No. 142. In addition, the Company re-evaluated the fair value of the disposal group in accordance with SFAS No. 144. As a result, an additional goodwill impairment charge of approximately $7.9 million and a write-down of long-lived assets of approximately $3.4 million were recorded during the fourth quarter of 2005. The Company used a combination of an income approach and a market approach to determine the fair value of the disposal group.

Impact of Foreign Currencies

We sell our products in many countries and a substantial portion of our sales, costs and expenses are denominated in foreign currencies, especially the United Kingdom pound sterling and the Euro. During 2005, the U.S. dollar strengthened against these currencies resulting in decreased consolidated revenue and earnings declines. During 2004, the U.S. dollar weakened against these currencies resulting in increased consolidated revenue and earnings growth. The loss associated with the translation of foreign equity into U.S. dollars was approximately $4.3 million for 2005 compared to a gain of approximately $2.2 million for 2004. In addition, currency fluctuations resulted in approximately $55,000 and $52,000 in foreign currency losses in 2005 and 2003, respectively, and $33,000 in foreign currency gains in 2004.

Historically, we have not hedged our foreign currency position. Currently, we attempt to manage foreign currency risk through the matching of assets and liabilities. However, as our sales expand internationally, we plan to evaluate our currency risks and we may enter into foreign exchange contracts from time to time to mitigate foreign currency exposure.

36




Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In November 2004, SFAS No. 151, Inventory Costs: an Amendment of ARB No. 43, Chapter 4 , was issued. SFAS No. 151 clarifies the accounting for abnormal amounts of idle facility expense, freight, handling costs and wasted material by requiring those items to be recognized as current-period charges. The Statement is effective for fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2005. The Company does not believe that adoption of this Statement will have a material impact on its consolidated results of operations or financial position.

In December 2004, SFAS No. 123R, Share-Based Payments, a revision of SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation , was issued. SFAS No. 123R addresses financial accounting and reporting for costs associated with stock-based compensation. SFAS No. 123R will require the Company to recognize compensation expense in an amount equal to the fair value of share-based payments related to unvested share-based awards over the applicable vesting period. The Statement is effective for annual periods beginning after June 15, 2005. The Company anticipates adopting this statement on a modified prospective basis and is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this Statement will have on its consolidated results of operations and financial position.

In December 2004, SFAS No. 153, Exchanges of Nonmonetary Assets was issued. SFAS No. 153 amends APB 29, Accounting for Nonmonetary Transactions . SFAS No. 153 is based on the principle that exchanges of nonmonetary assets should be measured based on the fair value of the assets exchanged. The guidance in APB 29 included certain exceptions to that principle. SFAS No. 153 amends APB 29 to eliminate the exception for nonmonetary exchanges of similar productive assets and replaces it with a general exception for exchanges of nonmonetary assets that do not have commercial substance. A nonmonetary exchange has commercial substance if the future cash flows of the entity are expected to change significantly as a result of the exchange.  SFAS No. 153 is effective for fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2005. We do not anticipate that the adoption of this statement will impact our financial position or results of operations.

Impact of Inflation

We believe that our revenues and results of operations have not been significantly impacted by inflation during the past three years.

Item 7A.                 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

We manufacture and test the majority of products in research centers in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and Austria. We sell our products globally through our direct catalog sales, direct sales force and indirect distributor channels. As a result, our financial results are affected by factors such as changes in foreign currency exchange rates and weak economic conditions in foreign markets.

We collect amounts representing a substantial portion of our revenues and pay amounts representing a substantial portion of our operating expenses in foreign currencies. As a result, changes in currency exchange rates from time to time may affect our operating results. Historically, we have not hedged our foreign currency position. Currently, we attempt to manage foreign currency risk through the matching of assets and liabilities. However, as our sales expand internationally, we plan to evaluate currency risks and we may enter into foreign exchange contracts from time to time to mitigate foreign currency exposure.

37




We are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates primarily through our financing activities. At December 31, 2005, we had $8.5 million outstanding under our revolving credit facility, which bears interest at a variable rate equal to the prime rate. At December 31, 2005, the interest rate on this debt was 7.25%. Assuming no other changes, which would affect the margin of the interest rate under our revolving credit facility, the effect of interest rate fluctuations on outstanding borrowings under our revolving credit facility as of December 31, 2005 over the next twelve months is quantified and summarized as follows:

If compared to the rate at December 31, 2005

 

 

 

Interest Expense 
Increase

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Interest rates increase by 1.0%

 

 

$

85

 

 

Interest rates increase by 2.0%

 

 

$

170

 

 

 

Item 8.                         Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The consolidated financial statements filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K are listed under Item 15 below.

Item 9.                         Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

Item 9A.                 Controls and Procedures.

(a)           Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, we have evaluated, with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures, we and our management recognize that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and our management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating and implementing our disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon the evaluation described above, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that they believe that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective, as of the end of the period covered by this report, to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms.

(b)           Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining an adequate system of internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized

38




acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Management of the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005 based on the Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on that evaluation, management of the Company concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2005.

KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, has issued an audit report on management’s assessment of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, which is included in Item 9A(d).

(c)            Changes in Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting

During the fourth quarter of 2005, we changed our internal control over financial reporting by implementing additional controls designed to address the material weaknesses identified in our internal control over financial reporting.

The changes in internal control over financial reporting were made beginning in the third quarter and completed in the fourth quarter of 2005. These changes include the modification of our income tax provision process, including the reconciliation of certain income tax payable accounts, and the implementation of additional review procedures over the processing of certain journal entries. In addition, we hired a tax director to assist us in the development and execution of certain of these controls. The new processes and procedures have been tested by us as part of management’s evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005.

Other than the items noted above, we have made no significant changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting during the  quarter ended December 31, 2005 that would materially affect, or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal controls over financial reporting.

(d)           Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and subsidiaries:

We have audited management’s assessment, included in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting (Item 9A(b)), that Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and subsidiaries maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s  management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on management’s assessment and an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in

39




all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, evaluating management’s assessment, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of consolidated financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, management’s assessment that Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and subsidiaries maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005, is fairly stated, in all material respects, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Also, in our opinion, Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and subsidiaries maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005, based on criteria established in Internal Control Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2005 and 2004, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income (loss), and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2005 and our report dated March 16, 2006 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

/s/ KPMG LLP

Boston, Massachusetts
March 16, 2006

 

 

Item 9B.                Other Information.

None.

40




PART III

Item 10.                  Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant.

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement filed pursuant to Regulation 14A, in connection with the 2006 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

The following table shows information about our executive officers as of December 31, 2005.

Name

 

 

 

Age

 

Position

Chane Graziano

 

67

 

Chief Executive Officer and Director

David Green

 

41

 

President and Director

Bryce Chicoyne

 

36

 

Chief Financial Officer

Susan Luscinski

 

49

 

Chief Operating Officer

David Strack

 

59

 

President of Genomic Solutions, Inc. and Union Biometrica, Inc.

Mark Norige

 

51

 

Chief Operating Officer of the Harvard Apparatus Business Unit

 

Chane Graziano has served as our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of our Board of Directors since March 1996. Prior to joining Harvard Bioscience, Mr. Graziano served as the President of Analytical Technology Inc., an analytical electrochemistry instruments company, from 1993 to 1996 and as the President and Chief Executive Officer of its predecessor, Analytical Technology Inc.-Orion, an electrochemistry instruments and laboratory products company, from 1990 until 1993. Mr. Graziano served as the President of Waters Corporation, an analytical instrument manufacturer, from 1985 until 1989. Mr. Graziano has over 42 years experience in the laboratory products and analytical instruments industry.

David Green has served as our President and as a member of our Board of Directors since March 1996. Prior to joining Harvard Bioscience, Mr. Green was a strategy consultant with Monitor Company, a strategy consulting company, in Cambridge, Massachusetts and Johannesburg, South Africa from June 1991 until September 1995 and a brand manager for household products with Unilever PLC, a packaged consumer goods company, in London from September 1985 to February 1989. Mr. Green graduated from Oxford University with a B.A. Honors degree in physics and holds a M.B.A. degree with distinction from Harvard Business School.

Bryce Chicoyne has served as our Chief Financial Officer since August 2004. Prior to joining Harvard Bioscience, Mr. Chicoyne served from December 2002 to August 2004 as Director of Financial Reporting with Apogent Technologies Inc. (now a subsidiary of Fisher Scientific Inc.), a developer and manufacturer of products for the clinical and research industries. From May 2000 to December 2002, Mr. Chicoyne served as the Manager of Financial Reporting of Sonus Networks, Inc., a provider of voice over IP infrastructure solutions for wireline and wireless service providers. Mr. Chicoyne holds a B.S. in accounting from the University of Southern New Hampshire and a M.B.A. from the F.W. Olin School of Business at Babson College.

Susan Luscinski has served as our Chief Operating Officer since August 2004. Ms. Luscinski served as our Chief Financial Officer from August 2001 until August 2004 and Vice President of Finance and Administration from May 1999 until August 2001. Ms. Luscinski served as our Corporate Controller from May 1988 until May 1999 and has served in various other positions at our company and its predecessor since January 1985.

David Strack has served as the President of our Union Biometrica subsidiary since 2001 and President of our Genomic Solutions subsidiary since March 2004. Prior to joining Harvard Bioscience, Dr. Strack served from 2000 to 2001 as President and Chief Operating Officer of Folia Inc., a biodegradable specialty polymers company. From 1996 to 1999, Dr. Strack served as President and Chief Operating Officer of Synthon Corporation, a chemicals company producing specialized chemicals for pharmaceutical companies. Dr. Strack has over 25 years experience in sales, marketing and general management, primarily

41




in the laboratory instruments arena, including six years as President of the N.A. Instruments Division of ATI, and 13 years at Waters Corporation, progressing through market and product management, field sales management, VP for Pacific (Tokyo) and President of the consumables business unit. Dr. Strack holds a B.S. degree in chemistry from Rochester Institute of Technology, a Ph.D. degree in chemistry from Syracuse University, and a M.B.A. degree in marketing from Fairleigh Dickinson University.

Mark Norige has served as our Chief Operating Officer of the Harvard Apparatus business unit since January 2000 and in various other positions with us since September 1996. Prior to joining Harvard Bioscience, Mr. Norige served as a Business Unit Manager at QuadTech, Inc., an impedance measuring instrument manufacturer, from May 1995 until September 1996. Mr. Norige worked at Waters Corporation from 1977 until May 1995. Mr. Norige holds a B.S. degree from Lowell Technological Institute and a M.B.A. from Babson College.

Item 11.                  Executive Compensation.

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement filed pursuant to Regulation 14A, in connection with the 2006 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

Item 12.                  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement filed pursuant to Regulation 14A, in connection with the 2006 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

Item 13.                  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement filed pursuant to Regulation 14A, in connection with the 2006 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

Item 14.                  Principal Accountant Fees and Services.

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement filed pursuant to Regulation 14A, in connection with the 2006 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

42




PART IV

Item 15.                  Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

(a)   Documents Filed. The following documents are filed as part of this Annual Report or incorporated by reference as indicated:

1.

 

Financial Statements. The consolidated financial statements of Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and its subsidiaries filed under Item 8:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-1

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

F-2

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2005 and 2004

 

F-3

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003

 

F-4

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the years ended December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003

 

F-5

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003

 

F-6

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-7

 

2.

 

Exhibits and Exhibit Index. See the Exhibit Index included as the last part of this Annual Report, which is incorporated herein by reference.

 

 

 

 

43




INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
HARVARD BIOSCIENCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Page

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

F-2

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2005 and 2004

 

F-3

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003

 

F-4

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the years ended December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003

 

F-5

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003

 

F-6

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-7

 

 

F- 1




Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and subsidiaries:

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2005 and 2004, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income (loss), and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2005. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Harvard Bioscience, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2005 and 2004, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2005, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005 based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated March 16, 2006 expressed an unqualified opinion on management’s assessment of, and the effective operation of, internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ KPMG LLP

 

Boston, Massachusetts
March 16, 2006

F- 2




HARVARD BIOSCIENCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands except share and per share data)

 

 

December 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

$

7,632

 

 

 

$

13,867

 

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $347 and $853, respectively

 

 

10,143

 

 

 

18,519

 

 

Inventories

 

 

9,086

 

 

 

25,465

 

 

Deferred income tax assets.

 

 

1,305

 

 

 

495

 

 

Other receivables and other assets

 

 

3,286

 

 

 

2,963

 

 

Assets of discontinued operations—held for sale

 

 

23,944

 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

 

55,396

 

 

 

61,309

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

3,983

 

 

 

7,143

 

 

Deferred income tax assets

 

 

273

 

 

 

810

 

 

Amortizable intangible assets, net

 

 

11,153

 

 

 

27,403

 

 

Goodwill and other indefinite lived intangible assets

 

 

21,074

 

 

 

42,535

 

 

Other assets

 

 

156

 

 

 

681

 

 

Total assets

 

 

$

92,035

 

 

 

$

139,881

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current installments of long-term debt

 

 

$

21

 

 

 

$

20

 

 

Accounts payable

 

 

3,379

 

 

 

6,251

 

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

275

 

 

 

2,159

 

 

Accrued income taxes payable

 

 

647

 

 

 

1,886

 

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

3,085

 

 

 

4,802

 

 

Other liabilities

 

 

700

 

 

 

946

 

 

Liabilities of discontinued operations

 

 

4,889

 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

12,996

 

 

 

16,064

 

 

Long-term debt, less current installments

 

 

8,500

 

 

 

16,520

 

 

Deferred income tax liabilities

 

 

1,235

 

 

 

1,507

 

 

Other liabilities

 

 

888

 

 

 

1,433

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

23,619

 

 

 

35,524

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 80,000,000 shares authorized; 35,142,569 and 35,052,449 shares issued and 30,481,785 and 30,391,665 shares outstanding, respectively

 

 

351

 

 

 

351

 

 

Additional paid-in-capital

 

 

173,694

 

 

 

173,469

 

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(108,139

)

 

 

(76,262

)

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

3,178

 

 

 

7,467

 

 

Treasury stock, 4,660,784 common shares, at cost

 

 

(668

)

 

 

(668

)

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

68,416

 

 

 

104,357

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

$

92,035

 

 

 

$

139,881

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

F- 3




HARVARD BIOSCIENCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands except per share data)

 

 

Years ended December 31,

 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

2003

 

Revenues

 

$

67,431

 

$

64,745

 

$

52,024

 

Cost of product revenues

 

34,156

 

33,312

 

27,430

 

Gross profit

 

33,275

 

31,433

 

24,594

 

Sales and marketing expenses

 

8,110

 

7,564

 

6,062

 

General and administrative expenses

 

12,627

 

10,922

 

8,434

 

Research and development expenses

 

2,950

 

2,981

 

2,034

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

1,664

 

1,582

 

891

 

Total operating expenses

 

25,351

 

23,049

 

17,421

 

Operating income

 

7,924

 

8,384

 

7,173

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange

 

(55

)

33

 

(52

)

Interest expense

 

(917

)

(765

)

(313

)

Interest income

 

234

 

123

 

154

 

Other, net

 

(46

)

(142

)

(801

)

Other income (expense), net

 

(784

)

(751

)

(1,012

)

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

 

7,140

 

7,633

 

6,161

 

Income taxes

 

899

 

3,115

 

2,542

 

Income from continuing operations

 

6,241

 

4,518

 

3,619

 

Discontinued operations, net of tax

 

(38,118

)

(2,189

)

641

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(31,877

)

$

2,329

 

$

4,260

 

Income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share from continuing operations

 

$

0.20

 

$

0.15

 

$

0.12

 

Discontinued operations

 

(1.25

)

(0.07

)

0.02

 

Basic earnings (loss) per common share

 

$

(1.05

)

$

0.08

 

$

0.14

 

Diluted earnings per common share from continuing operations

 

$

0.20

 

$

0.15

 

$

0.12

 

Discontinued operations

 

(1.24

)

(0.08

)

0.02

 

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share

 

$

(1.04

)

$

0.07

 

$

0.14

 

Weighted average common shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

30,442

 

30,269

 

29,924

 

Diluted

 

30,781

 

31,103

 

30,712

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

F- 4




HARVARD BIOSCIENCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and
Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Years Ended December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003
(In thousands)

 

 

Number
of Shares
Outstanding

 

Common
Stock

 

Additional
Paid-in
Capital

 

Accumulated
Deficit

 

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income

 

Notes
Receivable

 

Treasury
Stock

 

Total
Stockholders’
Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2002

 

 

34,692

 

 

 

$

347

 

 

 

$

171,622

 

 

 

$

(82,851

)

 

 

$

894

 

 

 

$

(963

)

 

$

(668

)

 

$

88,381

 

 

Issuance of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock option exercises

 

 

47

 

 

 

 

 

 

65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65

 

 

Stock purchase plan

 

 

57

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

185

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

186

 

 

Stock compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

519

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

519

 

 

Shareholder note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(58

)

 

 

 

 

 

Note repayment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,021

 

 

 

 

1,021

 

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,260

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,260

 

 

Translation adjustments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,030

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,030

 

 

Minimum pension liability adjustment, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

416

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

416

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,706

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2003

 

 

34,796

 

 

 

$

348

 

 

 

$

172,449

 

 

 

$

(78,591

)

 

 

$

5,340

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

(668

)

 

$

98,878

 

 

Issuance of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock option exercises

 

 

203

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

670

 

 

Stock purchase plan

 

 

53

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

201

 

 

Stock compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

152

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

152

 

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,329